Government in the 2nd reich

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  • Created by: Tom Smith
  • Created on: 15-08-14 18:43
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The Constitution
Created with heavy influence from Bismarck
`Bismarck = Protecting Prussian pwr + Ruling elite = v. little democracy
The Kaiser (Undemocratic)
Constitution granted him significant powers
Commander in Chief of the army (CCOA) from article 63 of 1871 constitution
Controlled Foreign policy
Can appoint + dismiss Chancellor & Gov Ministers
Could dissolve the Reichstag
Prevents Reich from kcking BH out of Office after losing a vote of no confidence (Autocratic)
Vote of no confidence ­ States whether the PM or gov has the support of the parliament to continue
in of
Despite great constitutional pwr Germs expected him to act in a democratic way eg.2 examples
Hottentot election 1907
Dispute over budget for imperialistic ventures after uprising in South African colony
Z & SPD team up 2 vote against budget in protest at colonial policies = Reich trynna control
gov, Kaiser & army
Kaiser dissolves Reich in order to form parliament that will pass the proposal = authoritarian pwr
over Reich
Signifies divisons between Liberal Reich & Conservative gov
Conserv Reich formed = support of Germ pub for imperialist agenda = pwr of nationalism
Daily Telegraph Affair 1908
KS says German naval build up directed at Japanese & not British
KS criticised by Reich + Germ ppl 4 conduct + dominance in Foreign Policy for abusing his
constitutional pwrs
Chancellor Bulow was too supportive of Reich criticism of Kais so he forced him to resign
Kaiser felt pressure from public + Reich so promised not to mke similar announcements in the
future
Zabern Affair 1913
Germ troops unjustly punish ppl of Zabern
Reich + Germ ppl demand troops are punished
Kais as CCOA refused to criticise or punish his army
Reich showed as weak because it is unable influence Kaiser wen he acts in an undefensible
manner and they have support of ppl
Germ shwn as autocratic despite having constitution
Further significance
Exposes divisions in Germ soc
Democrats (left libs + SPD) vs Authoritarians (Junkers, Kaiser, army)
Deadlocked in 1914
Democrats couldn't establish gov accountability to Reichstag
Authoritarians knew military coup to deprive Reich of pwr would cause public uproar

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The Chancellors and the ministers (Undemocratic)
Presented legislation to the Reichstag
Implemented laws
The Chancellor +his ministers are only accountable to the chancellor
Ministers are of Junker class = conservatives
Bulow 1900 ­ 1909
Relationship with Ks broke down = 1908 Daily Telegraph Affair
Worked wiv Ks but could defeat him eg.…read more

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Power of Reichstag demonstrated by
Daily Telegraph Affair 1908
KS says German naval build up directed at Japanese & not British
KS criticised by Reich + Germ ppl 4 conduct + dominance in Foreign Policy for abusing his
constitutional pwrs
Chancellor Bulow was too supportive of Reich criticism of Kais so he forced him to resign
Kaiser felt pressure from public + Reich so promised not to mke similar announcements in the
future
Rejection of 1913 proposal
Successfully rejects 1913 Indirect taxation
Forces BH to…read more

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Sickness Insurance Law amended = Longer, generous help 4 ill workers
Hollweg
1911 ­ Extended workers insurance
1911 - Introduced commissioner in Alsace 2 integrate wiv rest of Germ
Nationalistic foreign policies
Weltpolitik protectionism + strong foreign + colonial policy = gain support of m/c 4
Kaiserreich
Flottenpolitik = rivalling British navys
Results in navy laws 2 expand fleet (1900 +1906) sailing through
Above = Nationalism + Patriotism soaking up tensions
Herero Uprising
Weltpolik was also a force 4 political crisis
Blue ­ Black Bloc…read more

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