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Unit 2 key terms government and politics

Constitution
A set of principles, which may be written or unwritten, that establishes the distribution of power
within a political system, relationships between political institutions, the limits of government
jurisdiction, the rights of citizens and the method of amending the constitution itself.

Codification…

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Devolution
A process of constitutional reform whereby power, but not legal sovereignty, is distributed to
national or regional institutions. In the UK this has meant transfer of power to institutions in Scotland,
wales and Northern Ireland, but not to the regions of England.

Nationalism
A political sentiment felt by the…

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Open government
A principle and an aspiration that the process of the government should be made as open to the
public and parliamentary scrutiny as is possible and reasonable.

Judicial review
A process whereby the courts review decisions by the state or any public body in relation to its
citizens.…

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