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Pressure group questions ­ summaries

What is a pressure group?

An organisation which seeks to influence the details of a comparatively small range of public
policies which is not a faction of a recognised party.
They influence decisions
They may seek to influence not just the decisions themselves but also…

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Distinguish between a sectional and a promotional (cause) pressure group

Sectional pressure groups represent a specific section of society. They are self-interested
and thus concerned only with promoting the best interests of their members. The best
examples are trade unions. One can look to medical groups as also being prominent-…

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Mobilising public support ­ high profile campaigning, the organisation of public
demonstrations, publicity stunts e.g. Countryside Alliance's mass campaigning in support of
fox hunting.
Incorporation or insider status ­ they can therefore expect to exert considerable influence,
but with responsibilities. E.g. National Farmers' Union, National Trust.
Fighting elections ­ new…

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They act as an effective channel of communication between the government and the
governed, articulating demands and mobilising support for them.
They provide wide opportunity for people to participate in the political process without
having to dedicate excessive amounts of time.
They ensure minority groups and interests are represented within…

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result is uncertain. When a pressure group is lucky enough to have no opposition such as old
age pensioners, poor families and financial establishments, there is a greater chance of
success. E.g. the anti-smoking lobby v. the tobacco industry, the League Against Cruel Sports
v. the Countryside Alliance.
Celebrities ­…

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