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1. Globalisation refers to the increasing interconnectedness of societies.
2. Globalisation has many causes. For example, the spread of new information
and communication technologies, the influence of the global mass media and
cheap air travel.
Global criminal economy
1. Held argues that globalisation has led to the increasing interconnectedness…

Page 2

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1. Taylor argues that globalisation has led to the changes in the patterns and
extent of crime.
2. Globalisation has allowed transnational corporations to stop manufacturing for
low wage countries resulting in insecurities, unemployment and poverty.
3. Marketisation has encouraged people to see them selves as individual
consumers, undermining social…

Page 3

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Evaluation of traditional criminology: The advantage of this theory is that it has a
defined subject matter. However it is criticised for accepting definitions of crime
as they are shaped by powerful organisations to serve their own interests.
2. Green criminology: Any action of harm to the physical environment, humans…

Page 4

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1. Cohen is interested in the way states conceal and legitimize their criminal
actions. He states that democratic states legitimize their actions in more complex
ways than dictatorship states. He demonstrates this in 3 stages:
Stage 1 ­ it didn't happen.
Stage 2: It happened, but it's not what it…


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