Global Tourism

Notes about the entire section of Global Tourism for Geography.

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  • Created on: 17-06-13 18:05
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Global tourism
Global growth of tourism reasons:
Increasing wealth ­ In many countries people have increasing amounts of
disposable income to spend on holidays.
Increased leisure time ­ Employees now get more paid holiday time than they
used to.
Improved transport facilities ­ Better roads and increased car ownership
mean that people can drive to nearby countries, regional airports make it
quicker and more efficient for people to travel by air, it has also become
cheaper with the introduction of budget airlines like EasyJet and Ryanair.
Advertising ­ Holiday programmes on television and in magazines. Brochures
and commercials have all increased exposure to, and knowledge of, different
countries. Advancement in technology also means that the message is spread
quickly and easily.
Changing lifestyles ­ Early retirement, student lifestyles and gap years have
increased the amount of time available to travel.
Increased motivation ­ The modern world is seen as being very stressful and
holidays are a useful escape from day-to-day activities, often being seen as a
necessity rather than a luxury.
There is an increasing range of trips on offer, such as activity holidays and
There are lots of travel agents to choose from, so you don't even have to
organise it yourself.
Mass tourism ­ Large numbers of people visiting the same area.
Wilderness ­ An undeveloped and isolated environment.
Nowadays a lot of people find out about the places they want to visit on the
internet and then book transport, accommodation and activities directly
Events tourism like the Olympics brings massive economic benefits to the host
Reasons for visiting other countries
Cheaper medical operations. For example, many people go to China to take
advantage of the cheaper rates on dental work and operations.
Events e.g. the Olympics.
Great Barrier Reef diving ­ Australia.
Adventure tourism ­ New Zealand.
Safaris ­ Kenya and Tanzania.

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Religious pilgrimage e.g. Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
Party tours ­ Cyprus.
Cruise ships ­ Caribbean.
Volcano watching ­ Hawaii
Eco-tourism ­ Costa Rica.
Wilderness tours ­ Alaska.
Cultural and historical ­ Peru.
Different environments, different opportunities
Opening of Alicante airport in 1967 created a big tourist boom.
People were also attracted by the weather.
Theme parks and marine wildlife and ancient Mediterranean civilisations have
been built to appeal to families due to an increase in competition from other
tourist destinations.…read more

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Case study of Cyprus
Positive impacts of tourism
Increased money generated in the area, boosting the local economy.
Provided much need employment.
Negative impacts of tourism
Ayia Napa has sold itself as a party destination and consequently local people
have moved away from the now noisy costal area to nearby villages inland.
Massive building projects have changed the environment and put pressure on
services such as electricity and water supplies.…read more

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Social indicators ­ Such as health, education and population ­ examples
include life expectancy, adult literacy, infant mortality and access to health
Economic indicators ­ Such as average income, number of mobile phones per
1,000 people and access to the internet.
Environment indicators ­ Such as access to clean water and sanitations
systems and levels of air pollution.
HDI ­ Human Development Index.…read more

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Exploitation ­ The misuse of people or resources.
Can tourism reduce the development gap?
Development gap ­ The difference between the rich and the poor.
Volatility ­ When something is apt to change, often very quickly.
Boycott ­ Showing your disapproval by refusing to go somewhere.
Multiplier effect ­ Increased spending in one part of the economy generating
spending in another.
Tsunami ­ A large wave caused by an undersea earthquake.…read more

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Violence, rioting and terrorism can reduce tourism rates as seen in Kenya.
Terrorist attacks in the capital Nairobi led to Western governments advising
their citizens not to travel there and people started going nearby to places like
Tanzania and other destinations such as South Africa for wildlife and beach
How can tourism create conflict?
Conflict of tourism in the Maldives:
The people of the Maldives are often very poor and resent the richer people
who come to visit.…read more

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The British trust for conservation volunteers carries out practical work by
repairing footpaths and building drystone walls. Friend of the Lake District
campaign about issues like water quality, public transport and the building of
wind farms.
Honeypot ­ A place of attractive scenery or historic interest that attracts large
numbers of visitors.
How does tourism affect the environment?
Human waste from costal resorts can be dumped into the oceans.
Water table ­ The upper level of water underground.…read more


Former Member

Really useful

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