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Gladstone
VS
Disraeli
OCR British History
Summer 2009

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The role of the State
Gladstone
Minimalist state
Government intervention to a minimum
Laissezfaire
Importance of local decision making



Disraeli
Laissezfaire
Permissive legislation

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Taxation
Gladstone
Reduce taxation
Retrenchment
Restrict defence expenditure
Free trade
Campaigned for abolition of income tax



Disraeli
Low taxation
Against wars in south Africa and Afghanistan à hated the costs
Refused to provide relief during agricultural depression to keep expenditure
to a minimum

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Trade
Gladstone
Free trade



Disraeli
Defended agricultural protection during Corn Law debated
Abandoned protection as a policy after the defeat of his budget in 1852
Free trade

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The Church of England
Gladstone
AngloCatholic
Religion was a centre feature of his life
Believed in close link between the State and the Church of England
Moved away from idea of State supported Church à Irish Church
Disestablishment Act, 1869



Disraeli
Supported Church of England
Against Irish Church Disestablishment Act,…

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The role of the aristocracy
Gladstone
Believed in governing right of the aristocracy
Chose Whig aristocrats in large numbers for his Cabinets



Disraeli
Defended position of House of Lords and the role of the aristocracy
Reforms did not threaten the position or wealth of the landed class

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Ireland
Gladstone
Associated with this issue
Passed many significant reforms



Disraeli
Avoided the issue
Subdued Fenian movement in his 1st Ministry
Defended Anglican Church and Irish landowners
Position of Irish Secretary not given Cabinet rank

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Foreign Policy
Gladstone
Believed in using the Concert of Europe
Supported arbitration of international issues
Opposed aggressive foreign policy which would increase government
expenditure



Disraeli
Criticised Gladstone's foreign policy
NeoPalmerstonianism
Active foreign policy e.g. Near Eastern Crisis 187478

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Imperial Policy
Gladstone
Accused of trying to dismantle the British Empire
Believed in selfgovernment of white colonies
Believed British should spread benefits of English civilisation throughout the
world
Opposed Beaconsfieldism




Disraeli
Believed in the importance of the Empire, which he thought was the
commercial and military basis of Britain's claim…

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