Glacial Tourism

Glacial Tourism - Impacts & Management

Social, Economic, Environmental Issues & Impacts

For GCSE AQA Geography (A) - Ice on the Land

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  • Created by: Patrick I
  • Created on: 09-06-11 14:03
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Ice on the Land Geography
Areas which are covered in snow and ice are attractive to tourists for things such as winter sports,
hiking and sightseeing
However, these environments are fragile and are easily damaged. As such, they are difficult to
o There is only a short season in which there is sufficient light and warmth for plants to grow,
so if they are damaged they don't have much time to recover
o Due to the cold, decay of pollution and litter is slow ­ so it remains in the environment for a
long time
New businesses are set up and benefit from tourism ­ e.g. hotels, restaurants, tour companies and
equipment hire facilities. This boosts the local economy
New businesses provide job opportunities, especially beneficial in relatively remote areas where
employment would normally be difficult
Population and business growth mean the infrastructure becomes congested, so it is difficult for
local people and tourists to get around. This can upset locals and may make the area unattractive
to tourists if it is a large problem
Increased employment opportunities mean young people are more likely to stay in the area than
leave to find work elsewhere
Avalanches can result in injuries and death, and the increased numbers of tourists may heighten this
Fragile glacial environment is damaged by people trampling the snow and soil beneath, causing soil
Glacial landforms such as moraines are erode by people walking on them
Noise, litter and pollution are increased from the rise in numbers of people and traffic
Developments and buildings such as ski lifts have a large visual impact on the environment
Tourists are informed of avalanche risks, so they know which areas to avoid. Structures can be built
to slow or divert the snow, plant trees to act as barriers and set off controlled avalanches in order
to dislodge snow and minimise risk of a dangerous avalanche happening
Improvements to public transport systems can reduce the amount of traffic and so reduce
environmental damage and pollution
Areas have been set aside as nature reserves, in which tourist activity is limited, again reducing
environmental impact


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