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Year 11 Latin (14)
Gerunds and Gerundives!

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Gerunds
· A gerund in Latin is a noun that refers a `practice of
doing something'. e.g walking, seeing.

· In Latin, it is a neuter noun and has nd in it. E.g e.g
ambulandum=walking, videndum= seeing.

· These are quite rare at GCSE.

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Gerundives
Much more common is a gerundive, verbal adjective, a
little like a participle which is passive and carries a
sense of obligation.
John Taylor puts it well, when he says it's literal meaning
is: `needing to be X-ed'.

It is always ­ndus, a, um.
e.g
parandus= needing to be…

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Gerundives II (taken from EGL P90-91)
Often however these literal meanings will need to be changed.

It has two main purposes.

1. It shows obligation:

e.g urbs delenda est. The city is to be destroyed
i.e The city must be destroyed.

If there is a dative, it means by that…

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Ex. 57 (from John Taylor's E.G.L)

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