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Revision Presentation

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1. The origins and early problems of the Weimar
Republic, 1918-23

2. The recovery of the republic under Stresemann,
1924-29

3. The impact of the Great Depression, 1929-33

Page 3

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9 November 1918- Kaiser abdicated after losing
German support.
11 November 1918- newly declared German Republic
accepted armistice with the Allies.
The army felt they had been stabbed in the back-
`Dolchstoss'. Politicians became the November
Criminals.
New Republic was to meet in Weimar because of
troubles in Berlin.
Needed…

Page 4

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Territorial Terms Military Terms Financial Terms
Lost all colonies Army not to exceed 100,000 Coal from Saar given to France

Alsace-Lorraine returned to No tanks Reparations- 6.6 billion
France
Eupen-Malmedy given to No aircraft Cattle, sheep given to Belgium and
Belgium France
Saar to be administered by No naval vessels…

Page 5

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People thought democracy was imposed on them.


Consequences of war were creating unrest;
Shortages of food after British naval blockade
Rise of Bolsheviks in Russia
Inflation


The Spartacist Uprising- attempt to establish a Communist
state.

The Kapp Putsch- attempt to seize Berlin and establish a
right-wing government.

Page 6

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Germany borrowed extensively to finance WW1 effort.


Reparation figures for Germany to pay back were far
too high.

Weimar government printed more money which
meant the currency value began to fall. Led to
inflation.

1921- Germany unable to pay reparations to France.
France invades the Ruhr, Germany's main industrial
area.…

Page 7

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German recovery down to Gustav Stresemann who worked
with Allies to improve economic and international
position.
Dawes Plan- lower reparations and payments
US loans- given to Germany to pay reparations
Rentenmark- restored confidence in currency
Young Plan- restructure of reparations
The Locarno Treaties- improved German international
position
League of Nations-…

Page 8

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US Stock market collapses in October 1929. Banks
asked Germany to pay back loans.

Trade began to contract. Prices began to fall.


Unemployment rose.


January 1932- 6 million unemployed.


People lost faith in Weimar government, started to
turn to extreme parties that offered solutions.

Page 9

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Little agreement about how to tackle unemployment
and poverty.
Brunning becomes Chancellor- did not have a majority
so was reliant on President Hindenburg and Article 48.
Election in Sept 1930- Nazis won 107 seats (2nd largest
party behind Social Democrats with 143).
Brunning's reduction of government spending made
him lose…

Page 10

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1. The founding and early growth of the Nazi Party,
1919-23

2. The Munich Putsch and the lean years, 1923-29

3. Increased support and political developments, 1929-
January 1933

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