Germany (Hitler's Germany) 1919-1939 Unit 2 History

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Germany 1919-1939
How did the Munich Putsch help Hitler?
On 9 November 1923, Hitler, Ludendorff and 3000 SA men marched on Munich's army
headquarters. On the way they met a police barricade which opened fire, killing sixteen
Nazis. Hitler was arrested and sentenced to five years imprisonment. Ludendorff was
found not guilty. At the trial Hitler gained enormous publicity with Hitler's every word
was reported in the newspapers. Hitler turned into a bit of a celebrity which no doubt
helped him into power in 1932.
As a result of the Munich Putsch, Hitler spent nine months in the Landsberg Prison and he
was banned from speaking publicly. The Nazi party was also banned. However, whilst in
prison Hitler learnt many lessons.
1. Firstly, he learnt that the only way to get power was to stand in elections and once in
power, destroy the system from within. This is how he eventually became Fuhrer of
Germany when he became chancellor and then passed the Enabling Act.
2. Secondly, he realised that he needed the support of the army and the business
community. The army had refused to support Hitler in the Munich Putsch, resulting in its
failure. When he was released from prison he won the support of the army by reassuring
them that he would not ignite a future war in Germany if he got into power and he
promised to deal with Communists and expand the army. He won the support of the
business community by saying he would reduce the power of workers and weaken trade
3. Finally, Hitler wrote Mein Kampf, which allowed him to work out his own beliefs. It also
provided a 'Bible' for the Nazi party and he provided himself as a martyr. These acted like
corner stones for the Nazi party.
Hitler had become a politician due to the time he spent in prison thinking about why he
failed in the Munich Putsch. All of these things helped Hitler gain power in 1932 and had he
not been sent to prison in 1923, he would have probably failed in another Putsch and been
sent to prison for the rest of his life.
Hitler turned his trial into a publicity opportunity, giving long speeches. Before the
Munich Putsch, Hitler was an unknown Bavarian politician. After his trial he was a national
right-wing hero.
Even the judge said he agreed with Hitler, and gave him only a short prison sentence.
Mein Kampf
While he was in prison, Hitler wrote Mein Kampf, in which he set out his life-story and
beliefs. The book sold in millions, and made Hitler the leader of the right-wing opponents
of Weimar.

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Germany 1919-1939
Hitler realised that he would not gain power by rebellion. He began a new strategy ­ to
gain power by being elected.…read more

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Germany 1919-1939
What led to and how did Hitler become
Weak Weimar Government
The 1923 crisis began when Germany missed a reparations payment. This situation spiralled out
of control and once again the German people were unhappy and in financial difficulty, so
uprisings occurred throughout the country.…read more

Page 4

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Germany 1919-1939
How did and what led to Hitler become
Reichstag Fire, 1933
In 1933 the Reichstag was set of fire. Inside, police found a young Dutch communist Van
de Lubbe. Van der Lubbe confessed to the arson however he was later executed. Many
people believe that this came just at the right time for Hitler and he claimed that this was a
huge communist's conspiracy to destroy the German government, so Hitler asked
President Hindenburg to enable him to use Article 48.…read more

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Germany 1919-1939
Trade Unions were banned
Trade unions were abolished as they were anti-Nazi and exercising more power over the
workers than he could and more big businesses supported Hitler and Hitler has control of
Hindenburg's death
When Hindenburg died Hitler didn't bother having an election and instead he made
himself "Fuhrer" (leader). Additionally as Hitler has previously supported the SS against
the SA they swore and oath of loyalty to Hitler.…read more

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Germany 1919-1939
Slimming was not permitted
Following fashion and wearing make-up was frowned upon.
How were groups in Nazi Germany
A number of minority groups were persecuted by the Nazis for the reasons of:
Social Darwinism
That the Aryan Race is naturally better and that it's only natural for them to crush other
Economic Jealousy
Any other race should be removed from their jobs in order to give a chance, and the
economy's wealth should go to `proper' Germans.…read more

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Germany 1919-1939
Did Germany Benefit from Nazi Ruling?
And who benefited?
Unemployment fell from 6 million in January '33 to 300,000 by January '39
Big Businesses
Big Business were able to impose wage cuts without worry about strikes
occurring, there for they could reduce their workers' wages as much as possible
and never missed out of productivity like they had done previously when strikes
could occur.…read more

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Germany 1919-1939
As trade unions were banned, strikes were banned, so they were unable to expose
their opinions on the low wages and therefore had to work for whatever they got
for a substantial amount of hours
German Opposition. And why there little
The Nazi's had a lot of support ­ they had been the biggest party before Hitler banned all
the others ­ but they still had many opponents.…read more

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Germany 1919-1939…read more



i cant seem to open this document.... :(

Emily Edwards

This is really helpful thankyou!

L Lawliet

Thanks - this is really thorough and very historically accurate. :)

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