Germany 1918 - 1939

The rise of the nazi party and Government of the third reich

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  • Created on: 20-06-11 15:42
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Germany 1918 ­ 1939
The Rise of the Nazi Party
The Weimar Republic
After Germany lost the First World War, the Kaiser fled and in February 1919 a new democratic
government was formed (in the small town of Weimar as it was too dangerous in Berlin):
It was a genuine attempt to create a perfect democratic country.
An elected Reichstag which made the laws + An elected president using Article 48 in an
Underpinned by
A Bill of Rights, the vote by proportional representation
The constitution had two great weaknesses: proportional representation (no party had
majority- coalition) and Article 48
Features to give off that it was a perfect democracy:
Bill of Rights ­ guaranteed every German citizen freedom of speech and relgion, and
equality under the law.
The Vote - it was given to men and women over the age of 20 (better than Britain as only
women over 30 could vote)
Weimar ­ Problems 1919 to 1923
Many felt that Germany had received a harsh deal in the treaty of Versailles and they
resented the government for it.
The public called the government the November Criminals due to the signing of the treaty.
Continuous violence:
March 1920, the kapp putch led by the Freikorps (leader ­ Wolfgang Kapp) tried to take
over the government. They did for a few days, but people obeyed the Weimar government
due to lack of electricity and food supplies.
Nationalists assassinated 356 government politicians
Many people wanted a communist government ­ January1919, Sparticist rebellion led by
Rosa Luxemburg + Karl Leibknecht.

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Weimar ­ crisis of 1923
Germany missed a reparation payment; the situation went out of control: financial difficulties
and uprising occurred all over the country.
Summary; germany missed a payment; the French invaded the ruhr; german workers
went on strike; the government printed off paper money; there was hyperinflation; there
were communist and nationalist rebellions.
Hyperinflation occurred due to the government printing more money with no gold
behind it, because of the weak economy.…read more

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Hitler went to prison, and wrote `Mein Kampf', his ideas became well known.
Hitler decided that he would have to gain power legitimately.
Gustav Stresemann and Charles Dawes
Stresemann organised the Great Coalition in 1923, Germany had a government that could
make laws.
Under Stresemann's orders he got the government to call off the strike, get the French out
of the Ruhr and got the world to let Germany into the league of nations in 1926.…read more

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Feb 1933- Reichstag fire, a communist is caught red handed om the buiding.
March 1933 ­ 44% of population vote for Nazis who win 288 seats in the Reichstag.
Mar 1933 ­ Enabling Act Hitler has the right to make his own laws.
April 1933 ­ Hitler sets up the Gestapo
May 1933 ­ Trade unions are abolished and their leader arrested.…read more

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Unmarried women could volunteer to have a baby for an Aryan member fot he SS.
Women were supposed to emulate traditional peasant fashions ­ plain clothes, hair
in buns, flat shoes, no makeup, no trousers, no dying hair and smoking in public.…read more

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Many people suffered during WW1 in German so they welcomed Hitlers economic policies:
Full Employment- 1939 there was virtually no unemployment in Germany
Beauty of work ­ to help people realise that work was good (wages fell and hours were
longer under Hitler)
Re-armament in 1935 `guns before butter'
Hitler provided activities for the youth groups including holidays etc, it gave hope =
There were Nazi rallies which were colourful and fun
Hitler stopped paying reparations and invested money in German companies.…read more


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