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Germany 1914 ­ 1945
Topic 1 ­ The Weimar Republic
Sash…read more

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Political Effects Anarchy Psychological Effects
The Reichstag was weak Germany was extremely unstable. Armed The experience of war
before the war. Both demobilised soldiers were returning made Germans bitter and
working-class and home and joining in violent angry. They looked for
middle-class had little say demonstrations against the war and the someone to blame for
in how Germany was run. Kaiser defeat in the war.
No one effectively Germany had once been
opposed the Kaiser. This famous for unity and
worsened during the war obedience but not for
when opposition leaders What were the effects of WW1 on squabbling and conflict.
were imprisoned. Germany?
Germany was a military
dictatorship run by the
Kaiser and his army Physical Effects
leaders Ludendorf and Farming was disrupted as farmers had to leave to fight in the
Hidenburg. This made war. By 1918 Germany was producing only 50% of milk, 60%
the Reichstag even of the butter and meat which had been produced before the
weaker. war. They could not import food because the British Navy
blockaded German ports for the past two years. Many
Germans starved.…read more

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Reasons for discontent
1. Thousands of people were poor and staving ­ an influenza
epidemic had killed thousands more people.
2. Many Germans denied that they had lost the war and
blamed the `November Criminals' who had agreed to the
Armistice and the Treaty of Versailles.
3. Others blamed for losing the war were the Communists,
Jews and the Government.
4. The Government was seen as weak and ineffective ­ the
Treaty of Versailles had made living conditions in Germany
worse.…read more

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Soon there were rebellions
Left Wing Right Wing
In 1919, the communists In 1920, some of the Right-Wing
led by Karl Liebknecht and Friekorps themselves took part in
Rosa Luxembourg tried to the Kapp Putsch. Led by
take over Berlin in the Wolfgang Kapp, they took over
Spartacist Revolt ­ but Berlin to form another
they were defeated by the government. The workers staged
Friekorps a general strike and Kapp gave
up. The Government didn't punish
the rebels because many people
sympathised people like Kapp.…read more

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The Social Democrats
For some Social Democrats getting rid of the Kaiser would be too extreme. Speeches
were full of Marxist ideas but they were moderate and did not want a communist-
style revolution. They did not want to lose the support of the rich elite. They wanted
to prevent extreme left-wing revolutionaries from taking over.…read more

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The Weimar Constitution
The President
·Appointed every seven years
·Controlled the armed forces
·Stayed out of day-to-day running of the country The German Public
·In an emergency he could make laws without going Elected the president and
through the Reichstag ­ This was Article 48 the members of the
parliament. All men and
women over the age of
The Chancellor 20 could vote. All adults
·Responsible for the day-to-day running of the had equal rights and the
country right of free speech.
·Chosen from the Reichstag by the President
·Like a Prime Minister
The Reichstag
·Voted on new laws
·Members elected every 4 years through a system
called Proportional Representation. This system gave
small parties a chance to have a say in parliament.…read more

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