Germany 1878-1989 Similarities & Differences

This is a table comparing and contrasting the 5 eras of Germany 1878-1989: The 2nd Reich, Weimar Republic, Nazi Regime, East and West Germany

HideShow resource information
Preview of Germany 1878-1989 Similarities & Differences

First 483 words of the document:

2nd Reich Weimar Republic Nazi Regime West Germany East Germany
P: WR democratic coalitions, P: Hitler destroyed Reichstag P: WG democratic P: EG communist, 2ndR
2n 1878-1918
2ndR autocratic E: Hitler obsessed with E: WG more consumer than autocratic.
d Leaders: Bismarck, Wilhelm II
E: WR ruined post-ToV autarky heavy goods E: EG much weaker
Key ideas: autocratic,
R militaristic, conservative,
S: 2ndR cons, WR liberal S: Nazis used propaganda S: WG much more liberal S: More free in EG
ei C: 2ndR Nietzche, Hegel C: Creativity quashed by C: Focus on sport in WG C: EG less advanced
R: 2ndR Prot v Cath, WR `free' Nazis R: Freedom of belief in WG R: EG secular under Soviets
ch Key events: WW1
R: Nazis anti-Semitic
W P: None P: Nazi totaliatarian, WR P: Wanted democracy in WG P: EG communist
ei E: None elected E: WG much stronger E: EG at least better than
S: Society conservative E: Nazi economy stronger S: People much happier in other Soviet Bloc nations
m outside Berlin in WR
S: WR more liberal WG, more consumer goods S: Much stricter in WR
ar Leaders: Hindenburg, Ebert
C: Militaristic C: Nazi Aryan supremacy C: Even more liberal in WG C: EG competitive in sport
Key ideas: Democratic,
R R: Still divide between P&C
unstable, unpopular
R: Nazis created Reich Act R: Few differences R: EG secular, WR protestant
e Key events: Treaty of
pu Versailles
N P: Autocratic, right-wing, P: Hitler technically elected P: Nazi totalitarian, WG dem. P: Nazi fascist, EG communist
az militaristic E: Few similarities E: WG reliant on USA, Hitler E: Collectivisation in EG
E: Stronger than WR S: Pubic angry about ToV 1933-1945 sought self-sufficiency S: WG promoted gender
i S: Popular with public C: Public hold traditional Leaders: Hitler S: WG more Western, liberal equality
R C: Traditional, conservative values Key ideas: totalitarian, C: Freedom of expression C: EG competitive in sport
e R: Few similarities R: Few fascist, autarky, Aryan WG R: Nazis anti-semitic
gi supremacy R: Nazis anti-Semitic
Key events: WW2
P: WR gov. had elections for P: Democratic, elected P: Hatred of communism P: EG communist, WG dem.
W 1945-1989
the Reichstag E: Reliant on American money E: Strong E:WG stronger, reliant on
Leaders: Adenauer, Brandt,
es E: Successful S: Liberal S: Popular governments USA
Schmidt, Kohl
t S: Few similarities C: Music, literature and C: Consumer goods available
Key ideas: Democratic,
S: WG higher standard of
G C: Music was popular nightlife and popular living
capitalist, `Western'

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

R: Few similarities R: Freedom of belief R: Few similarities Key events: Marshall plan C: More freedom in WG
m R: EG was secular
Ea P: Not democratic P: Few similarities P: Totalitarian governments P: Both in Cold War
st E: Economy based on heavy E: Weak E: Few similarities E: None 1945-1989
goods S: Unpopular governments S: People had decent S: Fairly equal society Leaders: Ulbricht, Honecker
G S: Few consumer goods C: Few similarities standard of living C: Keen on sport…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »