german rules

 rules

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  • Created on: 15-05-11 16:53
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First 207 words of the document:

Der - Masculine
Die - Feminine
Das - Neuter
Die - Plural
Most nouns ending in -en, -el, -ling, -ner, -ismus, -ig,
-ich, or -er are masculine: der Vogel (bird), der Frühling
(spring), der Vater (father).
Nouns ending in -heit, -ie, -ik, -age, -ei ,-ion, -itis,
-keit, -ur, -schaft, -tät, and -ung are feminine: die
Garage (garage), die Natur (nature), die Freundschaft
(friendship).
Nouns ending in -ett, -chen, -lein, -il, -ium, -ma, -ment,
-nis, -tel, -tum, -um and -o are neuter: das Bett (bed),
das Kaninchen (Rabbit), das Stadium (stage).
Plural Patterns
According to the Duden Grammatik, two basic rules
apply to approximately 85% of noun plurals in German:
1. Masculine and neuter nouns form their plural with -e or
have no ending. If the end syllable of the word contains
an -e (either -e or -e + consonant), no -e is added in the
plural form.
2. Masculine nouns that end in -e and feminine nouns form
their plural with -en. If the end syllable of the word
contains an -e (either -e or -e + consonant), the -en is
shortened to -n.

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Two additional rules allow plural forms to be predicted
with even higher accuracy:
3. Words ending in an unstressed syllable made up of a
vowel or two vowels together take the plural form -s.
4. Nouns that end in -e or -e + consonant will not have an
-er plural form.…read more

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