German History, From Kaiser to Fuhrer, [Unit 9: What was life like in wartime Germany, 1939 - 45]]

This is the final unit I will be posting of my summarised sections of the History Edexcel from Kaiser to Fuhrer book - I hope they have been very useful to you guys.

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Unit 9: What was life like in wartime Germany, 1939-45?




What was life like in wartime Germany, 1939-45?


Timeline:

1939:
November: Elser tries to assassinate Hitler

1940:
May: France invaded

1941:
April: Order to remove crucifixes in Catholic Bavaria meets opposition
May: Deputy Hess flies to Scotland
June: Invasion of…

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Unit 9: What was life like in wartime Germany, 1939-45?




The Events of the War

The Outbreak of War
September 1939: Poland was invaded and conquered by Germany
Britain and France joined war
But by end of 1940: France, Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Norway and Luxembourg had been
conquered = ToV…

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Unit 9: What was life like in wartime Germany, 1939-45?




Feb 1941: German troops invaded North Africa in support of Italian Allies
After a series of impressive victories
May 1941: Invaded Egypt but British counter attacked
But British preoccupied with Japan ­ Germany managed to capture part of Egypt and…

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Unit 9: What was life like in wartime Germany, 1939-45?




Very few Germans wanted war - but there was bedrock support for 1939 regime
Support even during war ­ mainly because Regime was sensitive to issues of
rationing/shortages on home front ­ govt didn't want repetition of rationing from WW1…

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Unit 9: What was life like in wartime Germany, 1939-45?




300,000 Germans killed by Allied bombing, 700,000 injured and 2 million homes destroyed
German tried to provide bomb victims with accommodation and financial compensation
`Blitz' spirit maintained by many ­ but
By 1943: population of some areas (like Rhineland) bombed…

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Unit 9: What was life like in wartime Germany, 1939-45?




Thereafter ­ opposition came from individuals and small underground groups (rather than
single group)
KPD and SPD formed small groups, published reports and maintained contact with exiled
leaders
Red Orchestra ­ anti-Nazi communist group formed ­ resistance cells set up…

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Unit 9: What was life like in wartime Germany, 1939-45?




Many were arrested, tortured and executed



Army
1939: Army had become subordinate part of regime
Oath of allegiance = loyalty to Hitler
Blitzkrieg victories = Hitler military Genius
1943: some dissidents emerged:
Some: result of long term opposition to regime…

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Unit 9: What was life like in wartime Germany, 1939-45?




Therefore Army resistance confined to few individuals = leadership to naive and isolated
to pose real threat
Bomb plot = partly restores some dignity/respect to army ­ but the failure did not
restore the tarnished image of the army
1945:…

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Unit 9: What was life like in wartime Germany, 1939-45?




= Speer controls all industrial output and raw materials



Radicalisation
Speer aimed to introduce labour, time and space saving measures = boosting production
1943: Armaments Commission ­ to standardise production ­ allowing greater production:
More floor space = production of…

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Unit 9: What was life like in wartime Germany, 1939-45?




Raw Materials - Iron Ore:
Germany's lack of natural resources (espec. High quality iron ore) = shaped Nazi aims
Goring developed low quality iron ore ­ but could never meet the demands of military needs
= Germany partly dependant on…

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