German History, Edexcel - From Kaiser to Fuhrer [Unit 6: The Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33]

Unit 6: The Rise of the Nazi Party 1920-33 from the Edexcel GCE History book - once again, summarised the best I could.

HideShow resource information
Preview of German History, Edexcel - From Kaiser to Fuhrer [Unit 6: The Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33]

First 263 words of the document:

Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?
What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?
Timeline:
1919:
January ­ NSDAP founded by Anton Drexler
1920:
February ­ 25-points programme published, which outlines Nazi ideology
December ­ NSDAP buys and publishes the Volkischer Beobachter (People's Observer)
1921:
July ­ Hitler becomes chair of NSDAP
1923:
November ­ Munich Putsch (leads to Hitler's imprisonment)
1926:
February ­ NSDAP conference at Bamberg established Fuhrerprinzip
1928:
May ­ Elections to the Reichstag and breakthrough for NSDAP
1929:
October ­Wall Street Crash
1930:
March ­ Heinrich Bruning becomes chancellor
July ­ Reichstag rejects budget that Hindenburg passes using Article 48
1932:
March ­ Hindenburg beats Hitler in presidential election
May ­ Bruning resigns as Chancellor to be replaced by Von Papen
July ­ Von Papen putsch against Prussian government
July ­ In Reichstag elections the NSDAP becomes largest political party
November ­ Von Papen reigns as chancellor to be replaced by Von Schliecher
November ­ NSDAP vote in Reichstag election down from July
1933:
January ­ Hitler appointed Chancellor
February ­ Reichstag fire and Decree for the Protection of People and State
March ­ NSDAP largest party in Reichstag elections ­ but fails to win majority
March ­ Enabling Act passed by Reichstag = destroys constitution
April ­ Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service
May ­ Trade Unions banned and German Labour Front (DAF) created
July ­ All political parties except NSDAP banned
July ­ Concordat between Catholic Church and State

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?
NSDAP 25-Points Programme
Unification of Greater Germany (Austria + Germany)
AntiVersailles abrogation of the Treaty.
Land + expansion + territory lebensraum.
Only a "member of the race" can be a citizen.
Antisemitism No Jew can be a member of the race.
Antiforeigner only citizens can live in Germany.
No immigration ref. to Jews fleeing pograms.
Equal rights and obligations of citizens
Everyone must work.
Abolition of unearned income "no rentslavery".…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?
Origins
German Worker's Party = founded by Anton Drexler 1919
Developed against turmoil of Weimar Republic ­ struggled
1920 - Became NSDAP and set out 25-points Programme (written by Drexler and Hitler)
25- Points Programme: ToV, reparation end, establishment destruction, creation of
Lebsenraum (living space), creation of Volksgemeinschaft (peoples community),
anti-semitism.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?
Ability to expand and provide party for the discontented ­especially after 1929 = due to
party structure in 1920s:
May 1924 ­ Nazi alliance with right = won nearly 2 million votes in Reichstag election
Dec 1924 (whilst Hitler in prison) ­ won only 14 seats ­ party nearly fell to pieces -- party
refounded when Hitler released (Feb 1925)
1.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?
Growing National Exposure
Organisation = ability to take advantage of campaign against Young Plan
Reich Committee for a Referendum (formed by DNVP leader ­ Alfred Hugenberg) including
respected national figures (ie. Seldte from Stahlhelm ­ most significant nationalist
ex-servicemen group) ­ NSDAP invited to join: but only when promised finance and Nazi
independence.
`Freedom Law' vote in referendum ­ only 13.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?
The Use of Article 48
March 1930 ­ Bruning (Z) appointed Chancellor after collapse of Muller's Grand coalition
Bruning's government = Presidential power ­ not parliamentary power
Bruning's Z party did not hold a Reichstag majority
President Hindenburg clarified that if Bruning's minority govt lost confidence of Reichstag ­
Hindenburg would dissolve the Reichstag rule by decree
Bruning = difficulty in controlling Reichstag
July 1930 - Bruning govt defeated over financial…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?
Economic Collapse, 1931
From 1930 ­ Bruning had support of SPD
However ­ after constitution crisis (financial bill) ­ Bruning felt responsible to President not
Reichstag:
1930 1931 1932
Days Reichstag sat 94 42 13
Laws passed by 98 34 5
Reichstag
Emergency Decrees 5 44 66
Bruning governed through President's authority ­ main economic/financial policy = remove
reparations
June 1932 ­ stimulate economic growth = labour schemes
But economy collapsing…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?
Von Papen became chancellor and formed government ­ Schliecher as defense minister
Date for Reichstag election set in July
June - Ban on SA lifted = street violence left 100 dead
Prussian Coup d'etat
Political establishment set for return to authoritarian regime ­ process of destruction of
democracy started before Hitler became chancellor ­ ie Papens coup d'etat:
Political violence in run up to July 1932 election = good excuse for…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?
July 1932 - Nazis did not get overall majority = Papen did not give him chancellorship
Violence = still impact on political development: Negotiations between Hitler, Papen and
Hindenburg were with SA brutality in background
August 1932: Hitler discussed with Papen accepting only the post as Chancellor
Murder of communist Pietzuch (Upper Silesia) ­ Hitler commended SA murderers and
persuaded Papen to reduce sentence ­ Hitler released them when he became…read more

Page 10

Preview of page 10

Here's a taster:

Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?
January 1933 ­ Papen and Hitler talk about govt based on nationalist coalition (like Harzburg
Front) ­ support for such coalition ­ Agrarian league and industrialists
Had an impact on Hindenburg ­ turned to Papen to form govt and as Schliecher could not
control Reichstag
Papen agreed to Hitler for role as chancellor ­ with a cabinet of right
Hindenburg thought = when Weimar Republic undermined ­ more authoritarian regime could…read more

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »