German History, Edexcel - From Kaiser to Fuhrer [Unit 6: The Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33]

Unit 6: The Rise of the Nazi Party 1920-33 from the Edexcel GCE History book - once again, summarised the best I could.

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Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?




What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?

Timeline:

1919:
January ­ NSDAP founded by Anton Drexler

1920:
February ­ 25-points programme published, which outlines Nazi ideology
December ­ NSDAP buys and…

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Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?




NSDAP 25-Points Programme
Unification of Greater Germany (Austria + Germany)
AntiVersailles abrogation of the Treaty.
Land + expansion + territory lebensraum.
Only a "member of the race" can be a citizen.
Antisemitism No Jew can be…

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Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?




Origins
German Worker's Party = founded by Anton Drexler 1919
Developed against turmoil of Weimar Republic ­ struggled
1920 - Became NSDAP and set out 25-points Programme (written by Drexler and Hitler)
25- Points Programme: ToV,…

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Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?




Ability to expand and provide party for the discontented ­especially after 1929 = due to
party structure in 1920s:
May 1924 ­ Nazi alliance with right = won nearly 2 million votes in Reichstag election
Dec…

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Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?




Growing National Exposure

Organisation = ability to take advantage of campaign against Young Plan
Reich Committee for a Referendum (formed by DNVP leader ­ Alfred Hugenberg) including
respected national figures (ie. Seldte from Stahlhelm ­ most…

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Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?




The Use of Article 48

March 1930 ­ Bruning (Z) appointed Chancellor after collapse of Muller's Grand coalition
Bruning's government = Presidential power ­ not parliamentary power
Bruning's Z party did not hold a Reichstag majority…

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Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?




Economic Collapse, 1931

From 1930 ­ Bruning had support of SPD
However ­ after constitution crisis (financial bill) ­ Bruning felt responsible to President not
Reichstag:

1930 1931 1932

Days Reichstag sat 94 42 13

Laws…

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Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?




Von Papen became chancellor and formed government ­ Schliecher as defense minister
Date for Reichstag election set in July
June - Ban on SA lifted = street violence left 100 dead




Prussian Coup d'etat

Political establishment…

Page 9

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Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?




July 1932 - Nazis did not get overall majority = Papen did not give him chancellorship
Violence = still impact on political development: Negotiations between Hitler, Papen and
Hindenburg were with SA brutality in background
August…

Page 10

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Unit 6: What are the Reasons for the Rise of the Nazi Party, 1920-33?




January 1933 ­ Papen and Hitler talk about govt based on nationalist coalition (like Harzburg
Front) ­ support for such coalition ­ Agrarian league and industrialists
Had an impact on Hindenburg ­ turned to Papen to…

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