german four cases

simple and easy summary of 4 cases in german 

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  • Created on: 20-05-12 21:18
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The accusative case refers to the object of the verb. The dative case refers to the indirect object. For
For example: example:
(I have a brother) (I travel by (the) bus)
The brother is what is had, so is `being accused' of The bus is not being travelled, rather travelled on.
being had by his sibling.
In the dative, the definite article (`the') and indefinite
In the accusative, the definite article (`the') and article ('a/n') change respectively for each gender.
indefinite article ('a/n') change respectively for each
gender. der -> dem einem roten Bus
die -> der einer roten Strassbahn
der -> den einen kleinen Bruder das -> dem einem roten Auto
die = die eine kleine Schwester die -> den - roten Autos
das = das ein kleines Zimmer
die = die - kleine Brüder The dative is used in conjunction with the following
prepositions: mit (-with), nach (-to/after), seit (-since),
The accusative is used in conjunction with the von (-from/of), zu (-to), aus (-from/out of), bei (-at),
following prepositions: bis (-up to/until), durch (- gegenüber (-opposite).
through), für (-for), ohne (-without), um (-by), gegen (-
The following prepositions can be used for both accusative and dative, they are used in accusative when
they involve movement, and dative when they are static: an (-at/on/to), auf (-at/on/to/upon), neben (-
beside/near/next to), vor (-in front of/befor/ago), unter (-under/among), zwischen (-between), über (-
about/above/across/over), in (-in/into), hinter (-behind).
The genitive case is used when expressing The nominative case is used regarding the subject of
possession. For example: the verb. For example:
(The car of my father/ my (The dog bites the
father's car) man)
In the genitive, the definite article (`the') and indefinite The nominative is used regarding who is doing the
article ('a/n') change respectively for each gender. main action: the dog is biting the man.
der -> des der Hund meines Bruders In the nominative is the simple case. It is thus the
die -> der der Besitzer einer Katze default one found when you look something up in
das -> des das Buch eines Lehrers the dictionary. Therefore both the definite article
die -> der Bücher von meiner Mutter (`the') and the indefinite article ('a/n') stay the same.
The genative is used in conjunction with the der = der der Fisch schwimmt
following prepositions: an/statt (-instead of), die = die die Tante isst den Kuche
ausserhalb (-outside of), innerhalb (-inside of), trotz (- das = das das Gras wächst
despite/in spite of), während (-during), wegen (- die = die die Schüler lernen
because of).


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