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Geography revision: Going Global

Globalisation: is the growing interdependence of countries worldwide through increasing volume
and variety of cross border transaction in goods and services, freer international capital flows and
more rapid and widespread diffusion of technology.

Aspects of globalisation:


Is globalisation new?


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Push Factors Pull factors
Natural disaster Hazard free area
War Freedom of speech
Political conflict Political and asylum
Unemployment Jobs
Poverty Good welfare e.g. schools, hospitals, etc.
Inequality between rich and poor
Shortage of houses

There are two types of scales:

Time; long term, short term, past, present, future

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Economic Political
LIC e.g. Somalia NAFTA (North American Free Trade
HIC e.g. Germany Agreement) e.g. Canada
NIC e.g. China Caricom e.g. Barbados
OPEC (Oil Petroleum Exporting Countries) e.g. COSESA e.g. Angola
UAE ASEAN e.g. Singapore
OCED (Organisation For Economic Cooperation
And Development) e.g. Sweden
Ex-soviet states e.g. Russia, Estonia


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Global Networks

Technology builds global networks:

200 AD ­ worlds first sailing ships
1500-1700s ­ industrial canals and stage coach routes reduce land travel times
Early 1800s ­ first steam ship
Late 1800s ­ transatlantic telegraph cable
Early 1900s ­ first motor car company, first television, Boeing commercial flights

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£29 one way flights
300 flight routes
From 1995 to 2006 passengers increased to nearly 33 million.
Became a TNC in 1998: acquired 40% of Swiss air company TEA Basel AG
Slogan: `making flights affordable as a pair of jeans'
95% of flights made online
Places now…

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Currently 60% Britons work to pay pension to the 215 retired
1946, state pension for all retired people over 65. There are other company/personal
pensions and there are other benefits e.g. winter fuel allowance (£200), free TV licence,
free travel pass
Pensioners good for family support, look after the kids…

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In 2008, 8 lower income countries joined the EU: Latvia, Poland, Hungary, Estonia, Slovenia,
Slovakia and Czech Republic.

Host Source

27,000 child benefit claims Poland legislation drafted to encourage
They shop in small local shops poles to come back ­ better salaries.
Fuelled economic growth Shortage of skilled construction workers…

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Emrana Khatun 8

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World Cities


Home of Bollywood, make more films than Hollywood which makes it world's biggest film
80% commuters take public transport
40% of international flights land in Mumbai
Central position in Asia, close to China and the west
60% live in slums
Train arrives every 3…

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Time zone; trade with Asia ain the morning and America in the evening
2012 Olympics
7.8 million population
One of hubs for stock exchange
Good transport links: Heathrow (busiest airport in the world, 4 terminals) and ¾ of air
passengers go through London which generates 14% of…




is this still suitable? and it this for Edexcel?

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