Slides in this set
Types of industry
There are four main types of industry and these can be classified as:
1. PRIMARY INDUSTRY this is the extraction of raw materials and mining,
fishing, crop collecting and quarrying all fall under this category.
2. SECONDARY INDUSTRY This is the manufacturing of raw materials into a
product e.g. Turning a potato into a crisp.
3. TERTIARY INDUSTRY this type of industry provides a service e.g. Police
force, ambulance crew, shop keeping.
4. QUATERNARY INDUSTRY involves a small group of research and
development industries. This is the newest and most rapidly growing industry
due to the introduction of newer technologies.…read more
Industry as a whole can be categorised as a SYSTEM and there are three main
elements involved in creating this system.
INPUTS: this is the starting point of the system, and inputs mean "the raw materials
that go into making the product." Inputs include investment capitol, labour,
machinery and the raw materials themselves.
PROCESSES: processes can be translated as "the activities that go into transforming
the raw materials into a product." Processes include transport, delivery designing,
administration packaging, pricing everything that's needed to make and promote
OUTPUTS: this is what comes out the factory after the production process and is
known as the product. Outputs include factory waste, secondary products, profit
and then the actual product itself.
LINKAGE is when one factory relies on the OUTPUTS of another factory in order to
create their own. This causes problems when one industry faces problems and
closes down a KNOCK ON effect is created.…read more
INDUSTRIES want to base their companies is area's that will benefit and
help their companies to grow and earn as much profit as possible.
There are four main locational factors affecting the placement of
· Raw materials Locating near to raw materials makes it cheaper for
transport costs and easier for officials to keep a check on the amount
of raw substance available. This is especially important with heavy
· Transport industries tend to base themselves close to major
waterways (rivers), motorways, railways and airports so the
transportation and importation of raw materials and products is
easier. Also, this makes global communications easier.…read more
Labour large cities can provide a larger workforce and some cities
also home `specialised workforces' e.g. Teeside = steel making
workers. Also, cities which host major universities will also be able to
provide a more highly educated work force.
· Market access to markets is vital as locating close to large cities will
reduce transport costs. This is also vital with relation to global
communications as companies can benefit from trading overseas as
more profit may be gained. When products are sent from one
industry to another, it helps for these industries to be located close
to each other and this can be classed as INDUSTRIAL
Governments can greatly influence the location of industry by:
· Giving cheap tax incentives
· Cheap rent
· Providing grants for training workers
· Providing grants for building work.
The government often helps places they want to develop economically in order to
spread the economy in the UK and revitalise declining areas.
The government are also responsible for the closure of many heavy industries as they
wanted to place a higher focus of tertiary and quaternary industries.
An example of an industry site helped by the government is The Middlebrook Complex
in Bolton.…read more