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Year 11 Higher 2014

Population Change

CONCEPTS
Reason for world population growth
Demographic transition model and population pyramids
Impact of urbanisation, agricultural change, education and emancipation of women on population
change
Population policies linked to ageing populations, problems and strategies in EU countries
Population policies (birth control and non-birth control)…

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DTM and pop pyramids



Understanding population pyramids









Population policies linked to ageing
populations in EU countries

England has an ageing pop.
Southport- 26% of population >65
· England and Wales- 18% >65
· 2031- Southport will have 37.3% (24% in
England and Wales)
· UK Now= 1/6 people >65
·…

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Where is money spent on the elderly?
· Health care
­ High levels of health care are needed and long term care of the elderly can be
expensive.
­ Provide more health care e.g. retirement homes, hospital beds, more undertakers, etc.
­ Need more skilled health care workers, e.g. nurses,…

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-City parents may buy a permit (1 year's wages) for a 2nd child, this aims to reduce the number of
children of rural families where there is a decreasing demand for farm labour.
- In most rural areas, families are allowed to apply to have a second child if their…

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Why was the policy needed?:
· 60% of Indonesia's population live on Java - making the population density very high,
especially in Jakarta, the capital
· People migrate to Jakarta in large numbers to find work
· The government needed to stop Jakarta's urban growth

Issues:
· The migration has…

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Benefits Problems

For host country, e.g. m ore workers, skills Strain on resources, higher
UK unemployment

For source/home Less pressure on country, loss of workers; brain drain
country, e.g. Poland money sent back is
Important; it is spent in local
businesses; multiplier effect

For migrant and family ay earn more…

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· political opinion; or
· membership of a particular social group.
Physical: Natural hazards; earthquake, flooding, famine etc.

Why are people allowed to claim asylum in the EU? (If successful, they become refugees)
Article 14 of the universal declaration of human rights states
"Everyone has the right to seek and…

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Positive impacts on the UK Negative impacts on the UK

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On average, Eastern European worker in the UK work It has been claimed that the migration has had a
4 hours a week longer than UK born workers negative impact on wages for the worst paid workers in
the UK

Three-quarters of EU migrants to the UK in 2007 were…

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Mass Tourism in the tropics ­ Kenya, Africa (Coral coast and savannah)
Extreme Environments ­ Antarctica
Eco Tourism ­ Masai Tents in Kenya

Reasons for tourism growth:
· Long haul tourism has grown:
-commonwealth
-advertising (knowledge of different
cultures)
-fashion e.g. Dubai (David Beckham
owns a house on a Palm-shaped…

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