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The Human World
· World population change
· The Demographic transition
· Population pyramids and
· Settlements…read more

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Global Population Change
· It is predicted that by 2050 the worlds
population will be 9 billion
· 95% of the growth will occur in LEDCs
· It is also predicted that the population
will rise to maximum 10.5 billion by
· The rise is due to the falling death rates
in LEDCs…read more

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Birth Rates and Death Rates
· The birth rate is the number of live
births per 1000 people per year
· The death rate is the number of people
in every 1000 who die each year
· It is the differences in birth and death
rates that cause the changes in
· Natural increase (%)= B.R-D.R/10…read more

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Changing Birth Rates and Death
· Birth rates are falling in LEDCs and MEDCs
· In India, a family planning programme has been in
place since 1930 but has had little effect on
reducing the birth rate
· The birth rate is falling in places like Spain and Italy
due to the improved quality of life and education.
Social changes mean that there are many more
people in higher education and women have their
children at an older age. Death rates are falling in
many LEDCs and MEDCs
· They are falling due to the advances in medicines
and due to better life styles…read more

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LEDCs have high birth rates and high MEDCs have low birth and death rates
death rates
High birth rates because: Low birth rates because:
·Poor contraception ·Low infant mortality
·Tradition to have large families ·Late marriages
·Poor education ·Women go out to work
·Women expected to stay at home ·Contraception widely available
·High infant mortality ·Attitude of children cost money
·Early ages of marriage
·Children needed to help on farms
Low death rates because:
High death rates because: ·Vaccination against diseases
·Many diseases ·Good diet
·Natural disasters ·High level of hygiene
·Overcrowding and poor sanitation ·Large number of doctors
·Poor diet
·Wars and military coups
·Poor health care…read more

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