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Geography unit 1: Challenges for the planet
Climate change:

Causes for climate change:
Human causes;
Increase in car ownership
Increase in wealth has led to a demand for more energy,
food, goods, and transport
Increased emissions in greenhouse gases
CO2 Production rapid increase in the last 100 years from

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Peru: only one in four of the Nanti live to be teenagers.
Gas project in Peru: deforestation has caused drainage patterns to be altered, habitats
being destroyed and animal movement's disturbed.
Africa: Eighty million more people are exposed to Malaria
There will be a water decrease in parts of southern…

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USA do not want to join the Kyoto protocol because they are a highly developed country
and if they are down sized with factories they will be losing money and they cannot afford
for this mistake to happen.

Case study: Borris bikes (LONDON)

Borris Johnson has helped change the community…

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Sustainable Development

There are two detentions for sustainable development:

1. Sustainable development is meeting the needs and wants of today without
harming the environment o future generations can meet there needs and wants.
2. The development that looks to balance different, and often competing, needs
against an awareness of the…

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help plan A, a worth estimated £5.5million to charities helping with the basic
needs in countries like Africa. Plan A also have managed to reduce their carbon
footprint even as the business has grown with transportation.

Management in transport in urban areas :

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There are many parts to the urban transport problem and we need to think very carefully about
the management strategies/ solutions to this. There are many different solutions, some in which
are cheap and some in which are expensive but they fall into two main groups:
1. Respond to the…

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Other sustainable transport schemes:

Car sharing where workers share lifts to work using their own cars. If half of UK
motorists receive a lift one day a week; vehicle congestion and pollution would be
reduced by 10%, and traffic jams by 20%
Designed cycle and walking paths within the urban…

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Since 1960 areas of rainforests have been deforested around the world as a direct
Impact of population growth economic development and the need to seek more
Varies Of land users and economic activities have emerged including new
settlements, cattle branching, mining, water and hydroelectric power, roads,
railways and the…

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The need for sustainable management of rainforests

Over the last 25 years the issues of the rainforest had gained pace and therefore the United
Nations, national governments and large organisations/ companies like Greenpeace and media
campaigners have all raised the profile of the rainforest and promoted methods seeking the more…

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The first question of unit 1 will be on a number of geographical skills:

1. OS map skills (2015= 9marks)
2. 18 graphical/ cartographic
3. GIS ( geographical information system)
4. Fieldwork application of Minehead Somerset

Settlement shape

The word shape refers to how the arrangement of buildings in…




These are very helpful notes, especially the settlement change section! Thank you!

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