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Economic advantages:
-$1800 million trade gap is reduced by $850 million
earnings from tourism,
- Labour intensive industry
- Multiplier effect
Kenya is - Money reaches many layers of society
located on - Kenya's biggest foreign exchange earner
the east
-15 % of GDP
coast of
Africa, east - 250 000 directly employed, 250 000 indirectly
of Uganda - Each full time worker supports 7 ­ 12 others
Attractions of Kenya safari holidays: Economic disadvantages:
Accessible game parks, scenery, Strategies to reduce
adventure treks, animals in natural negative effects: -Tourist numbers fluctuate ­ unstable
habitats, English speaking guides, - Higher entry fees ­ less industry
comfortable accommodation visitors, more money - Negative media can cause
- Higher accommodation cancellations, e.g. 2002 missile attack -
Environmental disadvantages: $1 million loss per day in early 2003,
- Reef destruction from boats, tourists disputed election result and violence
- Encouragement of
- Tours disturb wild animals ecotourism - This leads to drop in public image
-Too many visitors in too small an area e. - Involving tribes people
g. Masai Mara ­ 8000 visitors in one day Environmental advantages:
in preserving wildlife and
- Decline in wildlife numbers e.g. general decision making - More wildlife survives due to game
wildebeest process parks
- Kenya Wildlife service under resourced - Environmental issues not ignored by
- Poaching sometimes ignored…read more

Slide 3

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Why visit? Facts and figures
Mostly educational - The Canadian cruise
purposes ship Explorer caused an
Area untouched by oil spill in 2007
-A seven day cruise
Sense of adventure -
costs about £25 000
Antarctica Physical risks for thrill -Antarctica has an area
is the seekers of 8 million km2
south pole Possibility to scuba -There is a `grey
of the dive, snowboard, ski, market' of older people
Earth fly on helicopters, who can go on these
view wildlife, etc. trips
Management Problems with tourism
- Strict rules for most operators - Wildlife disturbed by tourists and their boats - can
- Antarctic treaty ­ 1959 ­ set aside the affect breeding, feeding and rearing of young
continent for scientific research. Signed by 12 - Wildlife harmed by oil spills from ships
countries - High danger of pollution from human intervention
- IAATO encourage responsible behavior ­ all - Penguins can abandon eggs or young if they are
tour operators are from IAATO touched
- Antarctica ­ natural reserve - Honey pot sites, like the Antarctic peninsula, are
- 60 ­ 100 people on cruises damaged
- Expensive and cold ­ not for everyone ­ - Krill, the basis of many food chains, is at risk from
hopefully industry will not grow too much rising temperatures and overfishing
- Visitors not allowed on sites of special - IAATO has no real authority
scientific interest - Tourist numbers are expected to double in the
- Permit needed for any activity next decade
- No ships with over 500 people are allowed to
land…read more


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