Gender Specification Changes

This is a detailed PDF written by Cara Flanagan of the changes to the gender topic on the specification. It contains a spread on the changes to gender dysphoria.

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  • Created on: 28-10-11 13:11
Preview of Gender Specification Changes

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This document contains one replacement spread.
If you view the pdf display two pages at a time you will see them as one spread.
Replacement for pages 106-107
Changes to specification:
NEW SPREAD: Gender dysphoria now
Explanations for psychological moved to biological influence. The
androgyny and gender dysphoria spread on gender dysphoria has been
including relevant research redone, to increase what is covered.
The biosocial approach to gender
development including gender
New references are supplied at the end of the document.

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This replaces pages 106-107
T he term gender dysphoria describes an individual's experience of feeling The term g ender identity disorder
u ncomfort t able with the gender assigned to them at birth, which may lead to a sex ( GID) is a psychiatric classification
c hange operation or gender reassignment. Other terms are used to refer to the for people experiencing gender
same condition, such as transgender or transsexual or gender identity disorder dysphoria. This condition is only
( see right).…read more

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Colapinto (2000) reports that 1 in 2000 people are born with anomalous
genitals (external genitals do not match genetic sex) and may be given an
erroneous gender assignation. Research on gender dysphoria is very important
in providing information about the effects of such erroneous assignations and
determining the best solutions.
Organisations such as oii (Organisation Intersex International) campaign for the
rights of intersex individuals. Their view is that all infants born as intersexes (i.e.…read more

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New references
Blanchard, R. (1985). Typology of male-to-female transsexualism. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 14, 247-261.
Chung, W.C., De Vries, G.J. and Swaab, D.F. (2002). Sexual differentiation of the bed nucleus of the stria
terminalis in humans may extend into adulthood. The Journal of Neuroscience, 22 (3), 1027­33.
Diamond , M. (1996). Self-testing among transsexuals: a check on sexual identity. Journal of Psychology & Human
Sexuality, 8(3), 61-82.
Hare, L., Bernard, P.; Sanchez, F., Baird, P., Vilain, E., Kennedy, T. and Harley, V. (2009).…read more


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