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Strodes College
Contents
Language and Gender
1
Deficit Theory
1
Jesperson - Language: It's Nature, Development and Origin (1922)
1
Lakoff - Language and Woman's Place (1975)
1
Liladhar - Jenny Eclair, The Rotting Old Whore of Comedy (2000)
2
O'Barr and Atkins (1980)
2
Dominance Theory
2
Zimmerman and West (1975)
2
Spender (1975)
2
Beattie (1982)
2
Fishman (1983)
2
Difference Theory
3
Tannen (1990)
3
Coates and Jones (1990)
4
Diversity Theory
4
Janet Hyde (2005)
4
Deborah Cameron - Myth of…read more

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Strodes College
Language and Gender
Deficit Theory
Jesperson - Language: It's Nature, Development and Origin (1922)
· Women talk too much
· Half-finished sentences - they talk before they think.
· Women tend to use the co-ordinating conjuction "and" more because their language is emotionally based and aren't
aware of the grammatical concepts
· Women use `affective adjectives'. (Empty)
· Women use more hyperbole.
· Women use more adverbs.
· Women have a smaller vocabulary. They are societies "Indispensable small change".…read more

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Strodes College
· Avoid coarse language or expletives
· Use indirect commands and requests: (for example, "My, isn't it cold in here?" - really a request to turn the heat on or
close a window)
· Use more intensifiers: especially so and very (for instance, "I am so glad you came!")
· Lack a sense of humour: women do not tell jokes well and often don't understand the punch line of jokes.…read more

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Strodes College
Difference Theory
Tannen (1990)
Status vs. Support
Men grow up in a world in which conversation is competitive - they seek to achieve the upper hand or prevent others from
dominating them. Women, however, use language to gain confirmation and support for their ideas. Men see the world as a
place where people try to gain status, but women see it as "a network of connections seeking support and consensus" - a
collaboration between fellow people.
Independence vs.…read more

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Strodes College
Interruptions and overlapping
Tannen makes a difference between interruptions and overlapping. Interruption isn't simply making a sound as another
speaks - they may be supportive and affirming, which Tannen calls co-operative overlap. Equally it may be an attempt to
control the conversation - competitive overlap.
High Involvement and High Considerateness
High Involvement - Show enthusiastic support, even if it means simultaneous speech.
High Considerateness - More concerned to show consideration of others.…read more

Comments

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