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Gender and Crime
Define, Decode, Signpost
Criminal behaviour is an act which breaks a formal law, such as murder, whereas deviant behaviour is
that which breaks a norm. Definitions of crime and deviance are socially constructed their definitions
are culturally determined. Gender is the most significant factor in determining…

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o Lambroso ­ female criminals are born so.
o More recent explanations look at hormones e.g. testosterone. Although sociologists often
dismiss biological factors.

Sex-role theory
o A functionalist theory ­ socialisation of males and females.
o Boys are encouraged to be tough, risk-taking aggressive all of which lead to…

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