GCSE Year 11 Christianity Ethics Notes

Revision Notes on Christianity Ethics for GCSE

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  • Created on: 06-04-12 16:00
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Preya Pal ­ RS Revision Notes
Christianity:
Marriage:
Roman Catholic View- "And God created man to His own image: to the image of God He created him: male and female He created
them. And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it.'" (Genesis 1:27-28)
God made marriage, which is a sacrament, and the laws concerning marriage.
When did God make marriage?
When He created Adam and Eve.
Why did God make marriage?
For two purposes:
1. For bringing children into the world and rearing them...
2. For the mutual help of the husband and wife.
How do you know the first purpose of marriage is children?
The Bible says so:
"Increase and multiply." (Gen. 1:28)
Church Of England View- the Church of England considers marriage to be a permanent and lifelong union, but the Church has
always sought to combine long-held principles with a response to changes in society in a mature and responsible manner.
Marriage is not a sacrament
Orthodox Church view- Marriage is a sacrament that has been instituted with God's blessing during creation.
The chosen people saw it then as a mystery that had its beginnings at the divine creation.
This is confirmed by Christ who says: "But at the beginning of creation God `made them male and female'. For this reason a man
will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and two will become one flesh". (Mark 10, 6-8).
According to the Holy Scriptures marriage is built on:
1. the distinction, at the first creation of man, between man and woman ("Also God created man in his own image, in the image of
God he created him; male and female he created them", Gen. 1:27)
2. the creation of the woman out of Adam's rib (Gen 2:21-24);
3. The blessing of God on the first created with the words: "be fruitful and increase in number" (Gen. 1:27-28).
Divorce:
Church Of England View- Whilst the Church of England does not encourage divorce, it has the structure to help and sympathise
with those who find themselves in such a situation.
The Church of England teaches that marriage is for life. It also recognizes that some marriages sadly do fail and, if this should
happen, it seeks to be available for all involved. The Church accepts that, in exceptional circumstances, a divorced person
may marry again in church during the lifetime of a former spouse.
Roman Catholic View- The Catholic Church has strict guidelines on divorce. The Church considers the bond of marriage to be a
sacred bond, one that is based on life-long love, fidelity and family. Marriage is both a legal bond on earth and spiritual bond
which God has witnessed. The latter cannot be broken using temporal laws. Disagree with divorce.
A Catholic is not permitted to receive the Eucharist if s/he remarries.
The Catholic Church maintains that all of its members are welcome to attend Mass. A remarried Catholic can take part in Mass
but is barred from receiving Holy Communion.
This causes pain to many remarried Catholics because the Eucharist is central to their faith.
A remarried Catholic may receive Holy Communion only if a marriage has been annulled by the Church.
Methodist Church View- the Methodist Church asserts that marriage is a life-long union, but is understanding to those who
have been divorced. Methodists take a more practical, logical approach to belief and allow for more figurative Bible
interpretations. This includes accepting divorce and ordaining women priests.
Civil Partnerships:
Marriage is a lifelong exclusive union between one man and one woman. It is a creation ordinance, instituted by God.

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Preya Pal ­ RS Revision Notes
Quoting from the book of Genesis, the Lord Jesus Christ said:
"Haven't you read," he replied, "that at the beginning the Creator `made them male and female' and said, `For this reason a man
will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh'?"
The Book of Common Prayer recognises three purposes, according to Scripture, for which marriage was ordained.
1. the procreation and nurture of children;
2.…read more

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Preya Pal ­ RS Revision Notes
Roman Catholic view- Euthanasia is a grave violation of the law of God, since it is the deliberate and morally unacceptable
killing of a human person. The Roman Catholic Church regards euthanasia as morally wrong. It has always taught the absolute
and unchanging value of the commandment "You shall not kill".…read more

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