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Families Revision
What is a family?
It is difficult to produce an adequate definition of a `family' that captures the variety of families in

What types of household and families are there in Britain today?
Households ­ compromises either one person who lives alone or a group of people…

Page 2

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- The socialisation process within the family may cause working-class people to accept their lower
position in society.

Families have a negative impact on the lives of women- gender inequalities.
- Families contribute the creation of differences through primary socialisation- the way girls and boys
dress and the toys…

Page 3

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Is the symmetrical family reality or a myth?
Dual-earner household ­ a household in which two adults work in paid in employment.
Male-breadwinner household ­ a household where the adult male works in paid employment and earns
the bulk of the household income.
- Some would say men's involvement in…

Page 4

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- Increasing geographical mobility and women's involvement in full-time work have meant that family
members see each other less often. So wider family is becoming less important and family ties are
- But some say family members continue to depend on each other e.g. grandparents were involved in

Page 5

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Family, relationships, ethnicity and social class:
- Popular belief = British Asian families are based on unequal, male-dominated relationships.
- BUT, some say these beliefs are based on prejudice and prejudgments.
- Some sociologists say relationships within the family vary according to social class.
- Popular images = working-class families…

Page 6

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1. There will be more retired people ­ financial burden for tax payers to meet demand for facilities e.g.
social services, nursing homes etc. Also, the government will need more money to fund state pensions,
or our tax will increase.
3. Growth in one-person households.
4. Growth in beanpole families…

Page 7

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3. Conflict between couple may continue after divorce: due to issues e.g. parenting and property.
4. Lead to loss of income for the partners: lone-parent families with dependent children are at risk of
5. May experience loss of emotional support: their friends and kinship networks may change (especially

Page 8

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Caroline Gatrell (2008) ­ found that many fathers play a greater role in the lives of their children than
in the past, but also found that this causes tension for women who don't want to see their traditional
maternal role eroded.

Jan Pahl (1989) ­ compared to 30 years ago,…


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