GCSE Religious studies- Catholicism topic 5 B574

This revision guide has all the terminology for OCR GCSE catholicism b574 topic 5: religion in the faith community and family. It will be relevant to those studying christianity gcse in general too!

It includes:

  • Sacraments
  • Beliefs about Mary
  • the Bible
  • Chrisitian discipleship
HideShow resource information
Preview of GCSE Religious studies- Catholicism topic 5 B574

First 739 words of the document:

Topic 5: Religion in the faith community and the family
Baptism- Sacrament that cleanses original sin and marks the initiation into the Christian faith. The
word `baptism' comes from the Greek word meaning `washed or bathed.'
God Parents: Are spiritually responsible for the child being baptised.
White Clothing: represents the innocence and purity of the act.
Baptism Candle: Represents presence of Holy Spirit. Jesus= light of the world.
Godparents hold this candle as they contemplate on how they will be Christian
example to the child who has been made new in Christ and called to bring Christ's
light to others in their life.
Paschal candle (Easter candle): represents start of new life (as Christian.)
Symbolises Christ's victory over sin and death.
Holy Water in font: symbolises washing of sin. Mimic way Jesus was baptised.
Oil of Chrism: shows the Holy Spirit has entered the person and made their faith
Oil of Catechumens: represents the Holy Spirit. Is healed by anointing with this oil.
The Baptist Church and the Greek Orthodox Church baptise with full immersion whereas (usually) in
the Catholic Church the priest pours the water three times over the head of the child/person to be
baptised (baptising them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit). In the
Catholic Church adults are often baptised at the Easter Vigil service after a programme of catechesis
and a period of being a catechumen.
Bishop- comes from the Greek word episcopos meaning overseer. A Bishop is ordained a bishop by
a senior bishop who may be a Cardinal. The Bishop will be called to Rome sometime afterwards to
receive the pallium, a white woollen band, which is placed on his shoulders. The pallium signifies "the
office of shepherd", an office which is exercised in union with the Pope, the visible centre of unity in
the Church.
Cathedral- comes from the Latin word ,,cathedrameaning seat or throne. The cathedral is therefore
the church in which the bishop has his episcopal chair, in which he sits (as a sign of his Office) during
Masses in the Cathedral.
Common good- "The common good is about how to live well together. It is the whole network
of social conditions which enable human individuals and groups to flourish and live a full,
genuinely human life." 1996 document from Bishop's conference in England & Wales. As Catholic
Christians we believe in the Faith (as stated in the Nicene Creed) and we belong to the Church as
baptised Christians. This believing and belonging inform and influence our behaving (or behaviour).
We are called to see everyone as our ,,neighbour no matter what their creed or colour or nationality
or social status (c.f. Parable of the Good Samaritan in Luke 10:25-37). We believe that everyone is
created in Gods Image and Likeness and that God calls each one of us by name and uniquely. This
vision creates a rich theology of the human person. It speaks of the sanctity of all human life and so
Catholic moral teaching and behaviour does not allow abortion or euthanasia. We are called not just
to worship God in a church on a Sunday or just to serve our neighbour but to do both. Worship of God
and service of others go hand in hand.
"If any one says, "I love God," and hates his brother, he is a liar; for hewho does not love his brother
whom he has seen, cannot love Godwhom he has not seen. And this commandment we have from
him, that he who loves God should love his brother also" (1Jn. 4:20-21).
With this in mind we are called by way of our common Baptism in Christ, to be priests, prophets and
kings in our world today. As priests we are called to be people of prayer and offering up our lives to
Gods will; as prophets we are called to stand up and speak out for truth and justice and as kings we
are called to be stewards and shepherds, drawing others to God. It is true that Christian agape

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Confirmation- The sacrament which demonstrates an adult decision to become a member of the
Christian faith, symbolised by the Bishop's laying of the hands on the candidate.
Presentation of the Candidate: Names of all candidates are read out as they stand
up and walk to the bishop at the front.
Renewal of Baptismal promises: Candidate renews baptism vows, reject devil etc.
Laying of the Hands: Holy Spirit passes through Bishop's hands to the candidate to
show they will be living like Jesus.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

It fosters love and warmth and security, promoting mutual trust and life-affirming relationships.
We need to be mature for marriage but equally marriage can help us grow and mature as Christians.
RCIA- process which interested adults are gradually introduced to RC faith and way of life. It involves
7 stages punctuated by liturgical rites to aid and assist the catechumen towards the final rite at
Easter Vigi; when they're received as full member of the Church.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

The Apostles Vocational Tasks:
To make disciples of all the nations;
To preach Gods Word faithfully and live it in practice;
To baptise others;
To forgive sins;
To celebrate the Eucharist;
To carry their cross daily and follow Him no matter what suffering might result.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all resources »