GCSE R.E - War and Peace

Okay, here's some stuff on War and Peace.

R.S short-course. Hope some of you find it useful.

Kathryn. C

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  • Created on: 05-04-10 16:44
Preview of GCSE R.E - War and Peace

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Most religions offer teaching on war and conflict. And over time religion has been at the heart of conflict
between nations.
Biblical teachings about war
The Old Testament;
The Sixth Commandment (from the Ten Commandments, given to Moses) says, `You shall not murder,' but
there are occasions when the Jewish people are told by God to attack people who oppose them.
The famous Old Testament quotation used to justify war:
"But if there is serious injury, you are to take life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot
for foot." (Exodus 21:23-24)
The words are intended to limit revenge, not encourage vengeance. But revenge is not consistent with the
later teaching of Jesus.
The New Testament;
Jesus is often described as a pacifist. He taught:
"Blessed are the peacemakers for they will be called the children of God." (Matthew 5.9)
"When he was arrested in the Garden of Gethsemane, his disciples wanted to defend him:
When Jesus' followers saw what was going to happen, they said, `Lord, should we strike with our swords?'
And one of them struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off his right ear. But Jesus answered, `No
more of this!' And he touched the man's ear and healed him." (Luke 22:49-51)
Jesus' anger;
There are two occasions in the gospels when Jesus is obviously angry. One of these is in the Temple in
"Jesus entered the temple area and drove out all who were buying and selling there. He overturned the
tables of the money-changers and the benches of those selling doves. `It is written,' he said to them. `My
house will be called a house of prayer, but you are making it a den of robbers.'" (Matthew 21:12-13)
The other event takes place outside of Jerusalem,
"Early in the morning, as he was on his way back to the city, he was hungry. Seeing a fig tree by the road, he
went up to it but found nothing on it except leaves. Then he said to it, `May you never bear fruit again!'
Immediately the tree withered.'" (Matthew 21:18-19)
"Most Christians believe that war and fighting are wrong except in the most severe cases and they base
their views on Jesus' teaching about love:
A new command I give you: love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another." (John
Christian involvement in war;
In the past there have been many occasions when Christians have fought wars and when Christian countries
have fought each other including:
the Crusades
the First and Second World Wars
wars in Vietnam, Korea, the Falklands/Malvinos, South Africa, and Northern Ireland
Some Christians, such as The Religious Society of Friends (Quakers), are totally opposed to fighting and
during warfare they are conscientious objectors (taking a public stance against conflict). They are prepared
to go into battle driving ambulances or doing other duties but they will not fight.
Other Christians are prepared to fight in the armed services and there are always chaplains attached to
military units.
Most Christians today would probably not condone any war that was not fought according to the `Just
War' theory. A war is justified if it is fought for a reason that carries sufficient moral weight. The country

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Christians believe that they should protest when injustice is being done against other people, even though
they may not be Christians.
First they came for the Jews
And I did not speak out-because I was not a Jew.
Then they came for the Communists
And I did not speak out-because I was not a communist.
Then they came for the trade unionists
And I did not speak out-because I was not a trade unionist.…read more


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