GCSE R.E - Some Christian Perspectives

Here's some perspectives of Christians on some of the main units in the course.

I hope some of you find it useful.

Kathryn. C

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  • Created on: 05-04-10 16:46
Preview of GCSE R.E - Some Christian Perspectives

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Christian Perspectives
Birth and Death
Key topics:
Contraception
IVF
Abortion
Euthanasia
Suicide
Key teachings:
Genesis 1:26 `Let us make man in our own image.'
Job 1:21 `The Lord gave and the Lord has taken away, may the name of the Lord be praised'
Jeremiah 1:5 `I knew you before I formed you in the womb.'
Psalm 139:13 `You knit me together in my mother's womb'
Corinthians 3:16 `Do you not know that you are God's temple and his Spirit lives in you.'
Exodus 20:13 `You shall not murder'
Luke 1:41, John the Baptist leapt in Elizabeth's womb
Perspectives:
Contraception
o Catholic: Pope John Paul II in his Humanae Vitae 1968 `Every sexual act must be open to the
creation of new life.' Catholics are particularly opposed to the IUD and the morning after pill
which they regard as early forms of abortion. They believe contraception can devalue
family/marriage, the value of children in the eyes of society and promote fornication.
o Methodist Church: `Every loving couple has the right to prayerfully consider whether to use
contraception or have children.'
IVF
o Catholic: Fundamental are opposed to any process that creates spare embryos, believe in the
adoption option
o Anglican: Marries couples have the right, if their conscience permits, to access modern fertility
treatments
Abortion
o Protestant: Mixture, situation ethics; Evangelical Pro-life
o Catholic: Believe life begins at conception, accepts authority of extra-canonical book Didache
which states: `Do not abort the fruit of thy womb.'
Euthanasia
o Most Christian groups against, some in central Europe support "Dying with Dignity"
o Puts pressure on old people
o Voluntary euthanasia becoming involuntary euthanasia
o Dame Cecily Saunders founder of hospice movement as an alternative to euthanasia,
palliative care.
o Anglican Church has campaigned in the House of Lords against acts which denigrate the
value of human life.
Suicide
o Catholic: mortal sin, cannot repent of it
o Protestant: tragedy
o Law: increasingly eager to interpret suicide as death by misadventure or accidental death
because of its taboo nature
Liberals recognise individuals right to choose in almost all circumstances
Marriage, Divorce and the Family
Key topics:

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Husbands and wives
Children and parents
Extended family/care for relatives
Roles within the family
Divorce
Key facts:
45% of marriages in the UK end in divorce
40% of all marriages involve at least 1 person who is on their second marriage
71% of all British families have a marries couple in them
The average UK family has 1.8 children
Key teachings:
Matthew 19:6 `That which God has joined let no man separate.…read more

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Catholics consider the primary function of the family to be bringing up children
o Most Protestants consider husband and wife to be equal but would be opposed to government
ambitions to get parents back into employment soon after the birth of children. Active
parenting
o Fundamentalists consider husbands are the head of the family and wives should submit to
them.…read more

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The work of famous Christians against discrimination
Key teachings:
Genesis 1:27 `God made man in his own image, male and female he created them'
Ephesians 5:22 `Wives submit to your husbands in everything'
Ephesians 5:28 `Love your wife as you love yourself'
John 20:10, Mary Magdalene is the first witness of the resurrection.…read more

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For many churches there is a tension between being honest about what is considered `sinful'
and being inclusive, e.g. gays
o Metropolitan community church is famous for being welcoming to LBBTs.…read more

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Exodus 15:3 `The Lord is a warrior, the LORD is his name'
Micah 4:1-4 `A time for peace is coming...' Jews say that time hasn't arrived, Christians say it arrived
with Christ, `They will beat their swords into ploughshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation
will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore.…read more

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Terry Waite was the Archbishop of Canterbury's envoy for Lebanon, and was held captive between
1987 and 1991
Christian Responsibility for the Poor
Key topics:
Work of Churches
CAFOD/Christian Aid/Tearfund
Local and personal responses
Causes of poverty
Biblical concept of justice
Key teachings:
Matthew 5:3 `Blessed are the poor, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.'
Proverbs 14:31 `He who oppresses the poor, shows contempt for their maker. But whoever is kind to
the needy honours God.…read more

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Amos 8:4-12, God will punish those who `trample the needy' and `will never forget anything they have
done.'
Matthew 25:31-46, parable of the sheep and the goats, Jesus threatens that those whose faith does
not produce actions will face God's wrath
o Verse 45 `Whatever you did not do for the least of these you did not do for me.'
Luke 10, Parable of the Good Samaritan
Mark 10:31, `Love your neighbour as yourself.'
Luke 10, Towns which did not welcome Jesus' disciples were cursed.…read more

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Christian Responsibility for the Planet
Key topics:
Stewardship
God's ownership of the planet
Role of humanity
Environmental concerns
Key teachings:
Psalm 24:1 `The earth is the LORD's and everything in it.'
James 1:17 `Every good and perfect gift is from above.'
Psalm 19:1 `The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands.'
Genesis 2:15 `The Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden to work it and take care of it.…read more

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The servant who did not use the money wisely and make a profit he throws
out, into hell. Everyone is held accountable to God for how they have used what he had given them.
Key perspectives:
Methodist church published a report in 2007, entitled "Caring for Creation in the face of climate
change," in which it said: `We are called to be partners with the rest of creation and co-partners in the
creative and renewing activity of God. (...…read more

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