GCSE, Music, Edexcel, Area, of, Study, 3


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  • Created on: 26-08-10 20:19
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Music: AOS 3 ­ Popular Music in Context
Dance Music
Club Dance Music fused together elements of previous styles of music:
Jamaican Dub ­ remixing, use of effects, toasting.
Funk ­ beats and instrumental breaks, short vocal phrases (instead of verses etc.)
Disco ­ four-on-the-floor and syncopated hi-hat, bass synths, club venues.
Hip-Hop ­ role of DJ, rhythmic paramount, scratching, sampling and mixing
and switching between tracks.
Although there are many sub-genres of dance music, there are four main genres:
House ­ four-on-the-floor beat, lots of repetition (piano riffs), drum machine
Techno ­ fast hard beat (130-150bpm), mechanical and electronic sounds,
synthesizer orientated.
Drum `n' Bass ­ very fast (170bpm), drum based with a strong bass line,
breakbeats, frantic synthesizers.
Garage ­ more emphasis on vocals.
There are many techniques which are used:
Panning ­ distributing audio between the left and right channels of a stereo
Hip-Hopping ­ switching between two identical tracks to extend an
instrumental section.
Looping ­ the use of a small repeated phrase to create longer phrases.
Mixing ­ the technique of joining two songs together without changing tempo.
Quantization ­ shift notes forward and backwards so that they are exactly on
the beat and sound robotic.
Scratching ­ turning the record forwards and backwards by hand to create a
scratching sound.
Sequencing ­ recording lots of tracks over each other.
Sampling ­ using snippets of other people's music in a new track.
Digital Effects ­ the use of the following:
The digital effects used in dance music are:
Chorus ­ a thickening effect which makes a sound seem fuller.
Compressor ­ make a track seem louder and fuller as it reduces range.
Delay ­ causes echo which can fill out a track.
Equaliser ­ boots or attenuates specific frequencies allowing the bass to be
boosted for example.
Reverb ­ creates different sounding environments e.g. water, church

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Britpop was a British musical movement formed in the Madchester scene (Manchester) in
the 1990's. It celebrated 60's and 70's music, taking inspiration and even including
references from the likes of The Who, The Kinks and especially The Beatles. Britpop bands
tried to build on the success of recent British Bands such as The Smiths, The Stone Roses
and The Happy Mondays, rather than copying American artists.…read more

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Simple Structure ­ either "verse & chorus" or 32-bar AABA (B is a bridge)
Jazz Influences ­ syncopation and extended chords.
Word Painting ­ where the music mimics the literal meaning of the lyrics.…read more


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