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Music: AOS 3 Popular Music in Context
Club Dance Music fused together elements of previous styles of music:
Jamaican Dub remixing, use of effects, toasting.
Funk beats and instrumental breaks, short vocal phrases (instead of verses etc.)
Disco four-on-the-floor and syncopated hi-hat, bass synths, club venues.
Hip-Hop role of DJ, rhythmic paramount, scratching, sampling and mixing
and switching between tracks.
Although there are many sub-genres of dance music, there are four main genres:
House four-on-the-floor beat, lots of repetition (piano riffs), drum machine
Techno fast hard beat (130-150bpm), mechanical and electronic sounds,
Drum `n' Bass very fast (170bpm), drum based with a strong bass line,
breakbeats, frantic synthesizers.
Garage more emphasis on vocals.
There are many techniques which are used:
Panning distributing audio between the left and right channels of a stereo
Hip-Hopping switching between two identical tracks to extend an
Looping the use of a small repeated phrase to create longer phrases.
Mixing the technique of joining two songs together without changing tempo.
Quantization shift notes forward and backwards so that they are exactly on
the beat and sound robotic.
Scratching turning the record forwards and backwards by hand to create a
Sequencing recording lots of tracks over each other.
Sampling using snippets of other people's music in a new track.
Digital Effects the use of the following:
The digital effects used in dance music are:
Chorus a thickening effect which makes a sound seem fuller.
Compressor make a track seem louder and fuller as it reduces range.
Delay causes echo which can fill out a track.
Equaliser boots or attenuates specific frequencies allowing the bass to be
boosted for example.
Reverb creates different sounding environments e.g. water, church
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