GCSE Latin Verse

Notes on Virgil's Aeneid - Book 2

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  • Created on: 29-05-12 10:37
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What to Look Out For With Virgil
1. Alliteration and Assonance
2. Emphatic positions and enjambment
3. Anaphora - repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or more
successive verses, clauses, or sentences.
4. Epic similes
5. Tricolons
6. Tautology - needless repetition of an idea, especially in words other than those of
the immediate context, without imparting additional force or clearness, as in "widow
woman."
7. Sibilance and labial/hard consonants and sounds
8. Rhetorical questions
9. Juxtapositions
10. Metonymy ­ a figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one
object or concept for that of another to which it is related, or of which it is a part, as
"scepter" for "sovereignty," or "the bottle" for "strong drink," or "count heads for
"count people."
11. Synecdoche - a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the
whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special, as in ten
sail for ten ships.
12. Staccato and didactic rhythms
13. Zeugma - the use of a word to modify or govern two or more words when it is
appropriate to only one of them or is appropriate to each but in a different way, as in
to wage war and peace or On his fishing trip, he caught three trout and a cold.
14. Historic presents
15. Datives
16. Synchysis ­ a derangement or confusion of any kind, as of words in a sentence.

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Page 2

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The Aeneid II
Part One:
It was the time when rest begins for weary men, and creeps over by the most welcome gift
of the gods. In my dreams, look, before my eyes, Hector, most sorrowful to me seemed to
be present and pouring forth copious tears, as once when he was dragged by the chariot,
and gory with dust, pierced with leather thongs through his swollen feet.…read more

Page 3

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Part Two:
Meanwhile, everywhere, the city is thrown into confusion with grief, and more and more,
although the house of my father Anchises lay hidden, secluded and covered with trees, the
sound grew clearer and the noise of weapons threatens.…read more

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­ EMPHATIC POSITION emphasises blinding effect of fire
`exoritur' ­ EMPHATIC POSITION emphasises the extent of noise and chaos
`arma amens' ­ ASSONANCE and brisk sound of words add sense of urgency
`ardent animi' ­ ALLITERATION and figurative language help emphasise the
abstractness
`furor iraque' ­ TAUTOLOGY emphasises Aeneas' state of mind
`praecipitat, pulcrumque' ­ EMPHATIC POSITION, ALLITERATION emphasise heroic
ideal…read more

Page 5

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Part Four:
Then indeed the whole of Ilium seemed to me to sink into the flames and Neptune's Troy
was being turned from its base: just as when on mountain tops, woodmen in rivalry press to
uproot an ancient mountain ash, cut into with iron and frequent strokes of the axe,
constantly it threatens to fall and nods its foliage, quivering with shaking head, until gradually
overcome with wounds, it gave a last groan and crashes down, torn away from the hillside.…read more

Page 6

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Part Five:
"You, whose blood is untouched by age, and whose strength stands solid with his native
vigour, you must hasten to flight. If the gods had wanted me to prolong my life, they
would have saved this home for me. Enough and more it is that we have seen one
destruction and survived the city's capture. Thus, oh, address my body lying thus and
leave. I will find death in violence; the enemy will take pity and seek my spoils.…read more

Page 7

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Part Six:
He stood firm and uttering such things remained immovable. On the contrary, we showered
him with tears, my wife Creusa, Ascanius and all our household, begging that he not ruin
everything along with himself and add weight to our crushing fate. He refuses, and clung to
his decision and the same place.…read more

Page 8

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Part Seven:
Yelling such things, she was filling the whole house with her wailing, when a prodigy arose,
marvellous to tell. For in between the hands and faces of his sad parents, look, from above
Iulus' head , a light tongue of flame was seen to shed a gleam, harmless to touch, the soft
flame licked his hair and grazed around his temples.
Fearful, we ran around in panic, and extinguish the blazing hair and put out the holy fires with
water.…read more

Page 9

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Part Eight:
Scarcely had the old man spoken thus, when with a sudden crash there was thunder to the
left, and from the heavens a star shot, gliding through the darkness, drawing a fiery trail
amidst a flood of light. We watch it gliding over the highest peaks of the palace and hide in
Ida's forest, the brightness marking out its route; then its trail shines, and the area smokes
with sulphur, far and wide all around.…read more

Page 10

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Part Nine:
He had spoken, and now through the city the blaze is heard more loudly, and the smoke and
flames surged nearer. "Therefore come, dear father, put yourself upon my back; I myself will
support you, and the task will not weigh me down; however things may turn out, both of us
will have one common danger, one path to safety. Let little Iulus be at my side, and let my
wife follow our tracks from a distance.…read more

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