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THE BASICS
· There is no `conventional notation' as we see in western classical
music.
· All music is learnt and taught by ear and this is called the oral
tradition.
· Ghara is when a master teaches a pupil through oral tradition.
· The part of Indian Classical Music that we are studying is called
`Raga'
· Raga is improvised music in several sections based on the rag
(not Raga)
· The rag is used in the melody, it is based on a series of notes
used to convey different meanings depending on the rag.…read more

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KEY FEATURES!
Melody The rhythm
The melody is improvised and is based on a A repetitive, cyclic rhythmic pattern
Rag, it is either sung by someone or played by Playedby the tabla drums
An instrument, such as the sitar or the sarod.
And...
Indian music is `linear', in the sense that
THE DRONE
It is concerned more about developing the
Melody line rather than using harmony. One or two `sustained' notes consistently
Played underneath the melody line. This is
"The harmony is basic and static Played by the tambura, and it used for
comprising only the drone notes" Intonation (tuning) purposes as well as
Musical.…read more

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The Voice
· The most highly regarded instrument is the voice
· All the other instruments are ranked depending on how similar
their timbre is to the voice's timbre.
The sarangi
· Smaller than the sitar
· Uses a bow like the violin
· Has a gentle tone and is usually used to
accompany singers…read more

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The Sitar
· The most well known plucked string instrument
· It has seven strings and two of these are drone notes
· It also has up to a dozen loose `sympathetic' string which
`vibrate in sympathy' when the other strings are plucked
· This is what makes the `twangy' sound you hear
The main strings are played
by plucking with a wire plectrum
(pick)
Two common playing techniques are:
Meend: Sliding between notes
(or mind)
Tan: rapid scale flourishes…read more

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The Sarod
· The Saord is smaller than the sitar
· It has two sets of strings to create the `twangy' (distorted) effect
like the sitar
· It has a metal fingerboard so players can slide up and down the
strings to play different notes
· It has a lower range and a heavier tone than the sitar
The tambura
· A simple instrument with four strings and a resonator
· Used to provide the drone notes to accompany the singer
or instrumentalist
(it's huge)…read more

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Comments

Samuel Richardson

This powerpoint presentation contains great information of the basics and key features of Indian Raga. 

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