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The USA 1929 ­ 1980

The Impact of the Second World War on the US economy and society

After the First World War, the USA pursued a policy of isolationism. This continued until the Japanese
attacks on Pearl Harbour during the Second World War, which prompted them to get involved…

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of their homes and into internment camps, where they were treated as prisoners. The Government
defended this move by saying that the Japanese-Americans were a threat to internal security. The
Japanese-Americans in the internment camps acted with patriotism and unity; they hoisted the
American flag every morning, and, along with…

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could only serve as nurses to black soldiers. There were no black pilots in the US Air Force, but the
worst discrimination was within the Navy; black soldiers were given the most dangerous jobs, such as
loading ammunition onto ships, which killed 323 mostly black officers in 1944. However, there…

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FELP introduced.
1949:
The Rosenbergs arrested.
1950:
Alger Hiss sentenced to 5 years in prison.
McCarran Act passed by Congress.
1953:
The Rosenbergs are executed.

How did events outside America add to the growing fear of communism in the USA?

After the War, the USSR emerged as the only other…

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How did events inside America add to the growing fear of communism, 1945-1954?

HUAC and the Hollywood Ten:
The House Un-American Activities Committee was set up in the 1930s to deal with political groups
whose views were deemed inappropriate and unacceptable, but did not become active until the
outbreak of…

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but had no links by 1950. They spent 2 years on death row, and were executed in June 1953. Once
the atom bomb has been exploded by the USSR, the Superpowers are equal, increasing the fear of
war between the two and that the Soviet Union could overtake the USA…

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What progress had the black civil rights movement made by the end of the 1960s?

Civil Rights: the campaign for equal social, economic and political rights and opportunities
Jim Crow Laws: laws passed in the Southern states in 1865 to segregate blacks from whites daily

The Supreme Courts felt that,…

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Caused embarrassment for the US ­ they were seen as an oppressive nation, contradicting
the idea of the American dream and the fact that they were simultaneously criticising the
communist government for not allowing basic human rights




What were the Key Features of the Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955-1957?

Up until…

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which were white. Once again, this showed that peaceful methods were successful,
emphasising MLK's pacifistic views. However, MLK was worried that patience would wear
out, turning to violence.




How else did the civil rights movement develop?

Greensboro:
In 1960 in North Carolina, a sit-in was held at the Greensboro branch…

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such as literacy and maths, which black Americans often failed as they had inferior education
to the white population.
The Project resulted in many black Americans being enfranchised but many were refused the
right on dubious grounds.
The SNCC members faced harassment and people who did vote were sometimes evicted…

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