GCSE Geography Unit 3 Exam Practice Questions - Mark Scheme

Geography Unit 3 exam questions for the 2009 onwards Edexcel GCSE syllabus.

Focusing on 'Population Change' and 'A Moving World'.

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  • Created on: 05-02-11 14:51
Preview of GCSE Geography Unit 3 Exam Practice Questions - Mark Scheme

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Edexcel GCSE Geography A
Geography Practice Questions: Unit 3 Human
Mark Scheme
Question Answer Mark
1a Birth rate: Number of births per 1000 (1) per year (1). 2
1b Population density: 2
Number of people living in an area (1) per unit
area eg, sq. km (1).
1c The pattern of the distribution of people(1) over a defined 2
area (1)
2 ·Birth rate remains high during stage 2 (1) but then falls 4
very sharply in stage 3 (1)
·Infant mortality falls due to improvements in sanitation,
medical care and diet (1) meaning people need to have
fewer children (1)
Compulsory education and industrial change meant large
families were no longer an advantage (1) as young children
could no longer work to earn money for the family (1)
3 (0-1 marks) 3
Some students performed poorly explaining low rates rather
than falling rates. Some talked about HICs instead of LICs.
(2 marks)
Many students performed better recognising one correct
reason for falling death rates e.g. better health care'.
(3 marks)
Students performed very well identifying two reasons,
usually better health care and improved sanitation.
4 Explanation should include: 6
Population decreases with altitude because of reduction
of TGS and climate change population decreases away from
coasts because of continentality ­ extreme climate of
interior ­ which also limits TGS population decreases away
from fertile coastal plains and river floodplains link between
carrying capacity and historical populations trade ­recent
growth of ports such as Shanghai needs attention title asks

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Note this is a compulsory case-study and students will have
knowledge and detail to bring to their answers.
Level Mark Descriptor
Level 0: 0 No acceptable response.
Level 1: 1-2 Attempted to explain the relationship, giving a
few simple statements about better soils, better climate
etc. No locational detail beyond that from 4c. Basic use of
geographical terminology, spelling, punctuation and
Level 2: 3-4 At least two points used to explain the
relationship. Explanations tend to be stated with processes.…read more

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Good, locational
(place-specific) information used to support answer. Well
communicated with good use of geographical terminology,
spelling, punctuation and grammar.
6 Candidates must have given full data and a coherent 6
explanation to get level 3 in this answer (5-6/6).
Description limits the mark to 3/6. It is recommended to
include facts from case study data, e.g. Singapore.
Level 0: no statements worthy of credit.
Level 1: simple descriptive statements about ways that the
birth rate is rising. Not clear if discussing a particular
country.…read more

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children take care of their families/siblings (1),
reducing servicing costs for elderly etc. (1)
large workforce in the future. (1) economy may
boost, inviting a promising future for the country.
10 To gain full marks in this answer, remember that one 6+1
mark has been reserved for communication, grammar,
punctuation and quality of English. (1)
Key ideas to include: Japan's ageing population. UK's
ageing population.
Volunteers in charities (1)
Businesses for eldery residential homes (1)
Travelers taking holidays abroad, boosting economy.…read more

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Lower employement rate (1)
Lower salaries (1)
Lower standard of living (1)
Poor housing (1)
Poor healthcare (1)
Pull factors:
Better hoursing (1)
Nearby/ on border (1)
Better medical care (1)
Chance for better, glamorous jobs, e.g. fame (1)
Wide range of safely prepared food (1)
Better pricing (1)
Better standard of living/way of life, e.g. power
supplies (1)
13 Suitable responses include: include case study, e.g. Poland 4
to UK
Closer to `donor' countries, eg from Spain to
North Africa (1).…read more

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Level 1 (0-2 marks)
Includes 1-2 simple statements about either the negative or
positive impacts - imbalanced. A country may be named.
Level 2 (2-4 marks)
At least one positive and one negative impact stated and
explained. Answer refers to 1-2 pieces of specific case
study information.
Level 3 (4-6 marks)
More than 2 impacts are described and explained clearly
with use of 2-3 pieces of case study information to support.
Balanced positive / negative and reference to both social /
economic.…read more

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Climate (1), e.g. UK to Spain (1)
Economic (1), e.g. UK to Costa Rica (and healthcare). (1)
19 Case study: UK to Spain. Description required as to reasons 4
for migration. Data adds 1-2 marks.…read more

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Development in coastal areas means damage to
coastal regions. (1)
Cultural areas have vanished, resulting in british
selection, e.g. stocking Brtiish goods. (1)
Language barrier (1)
Development in Spanish classes, and international
knowledge (1)
Cultures increase and expand (1)
Retired boost economy by taking part in leisure
activities, and buying big houses. (1)
Level Mark Descriptor
Level 0: 0 No acceptable response.
Level 1: 1-2 Attempted to explain the consequences, giving
a few simple statements about the above etc.…read more


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