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32 million visitors to the UK in 2008.
In 2007, tourism contributed £114 billion to the economy and employed 1.4 million people. Popular
due to it's:
Countryside and historic landmarks (e.g. Big Ben and Stonehenge)
Churches and Cathedrals (e.g. Saint Paul's cathedral)
Castles and palaces ( Edinburgh Castle and Buckingham castle)
London- museums, theatres and shopping. Destination for half of all visitors to the UK.
National park in Cumbria.
Attracts around 12 million visitors a year.
Scenery - large lakes (Windermere) and mountains (Scafell Pike)
Activities bird watching, walking, climbing, sailing.
Cultural attractions Beatrix potter and Wordsworth museum.
traffic 89% visitors come by car which creates congestion and parking and pollution problems.
Solution planning public transport (park and ride schemes) campaigns providing benefits to people
who use public transport e.g. `Give the driver a break' campaign. Footpath erosion.
Solution Changing path routes so that more vulnerable areas can `rest'. Reinforcing and repairing
path surfaces. Litter creating visual pollution and
disrupting natural habitats. Solution Bins at key points and are empties regularly, there are
designated picnic areas and signs which encourage people to act responsibly.
Second/ Holiday homes Holiday makers do not always support local businesses and creates less
affordable housing for locals. Solution local councils build new affordable housing.
Honeypot conflicts destinations that attract huge amounts of visitors e.g. Windermere become
areas of noise pollution and crime. Solution pay to get into affected areas. Farmer/
tourist conflicts Visitors can trample crop, disturb livestock and leave gates open. Solution- Signs
educating people of the country code. Some farmers have diversified to take advantage of the
tourists e.g. paintballing (farm diversification) Managing the Lakes
Wash from fast vehicles erode the shore. Fuel spills create pollution. Solution- Introduce speed limits
on the lakes and zone off certain areas.