GCSE geography tourism revision

I was going through all the old files I didn't need anymore on my laptop, and found this. Please note, it was intentionally made for my own use, and probably won't be an awful lot of help to anyone else, but I thought I might as well upload it - maybe it'll help somebody after all! Also, I'm not sure that it's even finished, and it certainly wouldn't have covered all of the topics needed for tourism revision even if it had been... So yeah, it just has a few facts in there really :L

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 28-08-11 23:35
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What is the tourist industry?
Holiday description Physical attractions Human attractions
Coastal tourism Beaches, sun Relaxation, cafes, shops
Winter tourism Mountains Skiing, snowboarding
Adventure tourism Landscape Climbing, trekking, cycling
Cultural tourism Historic sites, landscape Historic sites, interesting cities,
different cultures.
Reasons for the growth in tourism:
Greater affluence ­ people are generally wealthier now than in the past. They have more
money available to spend on luxury items such as holidays and leisure pursuits.
More leisure time ­ people now have a shorter working week and longer paid holidays, and
tend to retire earlier. This gives them more time for leisure pursuits.
Greater mobility and accessibility ­ the increase in car ownership and improvements in road,
rail and air travel have reduced journey times and make travel easier.
Package holidays ­ cheaper holidays are possible with block bookings and deals where
travel, accommodation, and meals are all included in the price.
Advertising ­ holiday programmes and brochures promote new and different places and
activities. People are now more aware of the holiday opportunities available to them.
Chloropleth maps
A chloropleth map is one which uses graded differences in shading or colour inside defined
areas on a map in order to indicate the average values of some property or quantity in those
Disadvantages of chloropleth maps include:
o They do not show exact figures
o They are inaccurate
o They don't show trends
Package holiday- A tour where transport, accommodation and food are all included in one price.
Ecotourism- A type of sustainable development which minimises the negative impact of tourism on
the environment and the local communities ­ for example by not hurting animals and using local
markets to benefit the economy.

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Fair trade tourism- Tourism which shows respect towards communities. Paying fair market prices,
for example, and showing respect towards local people.
Specialist holidays- Holidays which involve a particular activity or interest. An example is volcano
watching in Hawaii.
Adventure holidays- A type of organized holiday in which people take part in ventures involving
outdoor activities, such as walking, biking, safaris and trekking.
Tourist destinations
Most visited attractions
1. Times Square, New York
2. Disney World's Magic Kingdom, Florida
3. Trafalgar Square, London
4.…read more

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The law states that every worker is Changing lifestyles ­ early retirement,
entitled to a minimum of 5.6 weeks student gap years have increased the
paid annual leave.…read more

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The UN Millennium Development goals
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
Goal 2: Primary education for all
Goal 3: Equal treatment for women and men
Goal 4: Reduce infant mortality
Goal 5: Improve health of pregnant women and new mothers
Goal 6: Fight HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Goal 7: Environmental sustainability
Goal 8: Global partnership to help development
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
Target 1:
Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a…read more

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How is development measured?
Economic indicators:
GDP= Gross Domestic Product= the value of goods and services a country produces.
GDP per capita= GDP divided by the population, giving an idea of how rich people are. This is usually in
GNI per capita= Gross National Income divided by the population= all the income generated from the
economic activity in a country is added together and divided by the total number of people in a country.…read more


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