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Amelia Hill

Geography ELP

Settlements ­ Urban Problems and Solutions

Burgess Urban
land use model

Central business district
Leisure and recreation may include open land, e.g. parks or built facilities such as sports
Residential - the building of houses and flats.
Transport - road and rail networks, stations and…

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The urban rural fringe
This is found at the edge of a town or city and is where town meets country. It is common
for this area to have a mixture of land uses such as some housing, golf courses, allotments,
business parks and airports.
Problems of inner cities in…

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business are put off by the high land price and lack of space as it's so crowded and
the high rate of crime and traffic, this also removes money from the economy and
prevents and coming in.

The decay and deprivation of factories makes it an ideal place for…

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walls are thin so you can hear noise and there is no garden or park so health is a problem.
Finally crime tends to be high

Urban renewal:
This is the attempt to regenerate the inner city through industrial, housing and
community schemes.
The Government has used a variety of…

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many restaurants, pubs and cafes built
Docklands Sailing and Water sports Centre
£100 million spent on health, education, job training etc.

Many locals were unable to afford the high costs of the new expensive houses / flats
(still a lack of low-cost housing in the area)
Despite an increase…

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in these suburban locations also enables stores to operate on a larger scale and pass
on the benefits of economies of scale to customers. As stores move out, this has
led to the decline of some CBD's. Shop units made vacant by large chain stores
moving out, may stay empty…

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Anti-litter law have been put in place to hopefully attract people not to drop their litter
around otherwise they could get fined, they have encouraged this by improving provision of
bins and putting in place better road sweeping. By banning HGV's from CBDs they won't give
off many fumes…

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support training and employment opportunities
improve housing in Scotswood
Fitted CCTv to reduce crime
John Marley Centre created training opportunities for a thousand young students

I think this would have been effective because it was not just the economic side of things
that were changed but the social things like…

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There is very little jobs for people that live in shanty towns or Favelas as with the
already small amount available they do not have the education to get them a decent
job so the pay will be poor and they won't have the money to pay for their…

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Over time the conditions of shanty towns may improve. In many LEDCs, local communities,
charities and government departments are working together to improve conditions in the
squatter settlements. This makes the residents have a better quality of life.

Site and These give people the chance to rent or buy a…


Mr A Gibson


Brilliant notes. Great format so you know how to read through them to find what you want in the case studies. Diagrams and bulleted text - accessible and easy to work from.

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