GCSE Geography Revision Notes (Paper 2) - SHOULD HAVE ALL YOU NEED!

Revision notes for Paper 2, should have everything you need; also contains 2 case studies explained in depth

(Made specifically for WJEC GCSE, but should help all GCSE Geographers)

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  • Created by: Luke
  • Created on: 15-06-12 14:36

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Geography GCSE Revision Notes

Sustainable Development:

This is a term that the examiners love; it can be used most situations and is always
a brilliant way to analyse an idea or scheme if you can't think of anything else. It
can be summarised like a seesaw, such as below:


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The types of erosion (coastal + river):

There are a couple of types of erosion, they are...

Solution ­ When the chemicals in water react with stones + rocks

Abrasion - When rocks inside the water rub against the surface of the
banks/coast, producing a sand paper-like effect

Attrition ­…

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The different types of coastal defences/management:

There are a couple of ways to protect the coasts. They are...

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Hard management tends to be expensive, ugly, short-term, and kills habitats, but
often protects expensive residential areas or land.

Soft management is cheap, often long-term, doesn't kill habitats, and isn't ugly,
but doesn't tend to protect expensive land.

(Think about who might like one over the other, and about what…

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Case studies:

Sahel Food Crisis ­ an overview


The Sahel Food Crisis struck in the Sahel, which is in North Africa and south of the
Sahara. The countries affected were Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso.

What caused it?

It began with a huge locust infestation in August 2004, which…

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Niger is the poorest. 3.6 out of 12 million Nigeriens suffered from starvation, and
this was aggravated by the fact that only 48% of the population have access to
healthcare. 6 in 10 Nigeriens earn less than $1 a day. Cereal prices were at their
highest in the past couple…

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Ghana, an African LEDC located just north of the Equator and on the west coast of
Africa. Ghana has a population of 23 million, and 10 million earn less than 60p a
day, meaning that poverty levels are high. The average life expectancy in Ghana is
59, which is low…

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*Turn over for the odd one out

What is Fair Trade and Kuapa Kokoo?

Fair Trade is an organisation that was set up in 1992 in order to create long term
trade agreements between countries, and to improve living standards for
workers and farmers. Kuapa Kokoo is an organisation that…

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It makes the consumer feel better
about purchasing the products
Businesses that do care can give
something back, while others are
passively forced into it as consumers
would be more hesitant to purchase
their products

*The odd one out is oil, which is a raw material








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