GCSE Geography Revision Notes (Paper 2) - SHOULD HAVE ALL YOU NEED!

Revision notes for Paper 2, should have everything you need; also contains 2 case studies explained in depth

(Made specifically for WJEC GCSE, but should help all GCSE Geographers)

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  • Created on: 15-06-12 14:36
Preview of GCSE Geography Revision Notes (Paper 2) - SHOULD HAVE ALL YOU NEED!

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Geography GCSE Revision Notes
Sustainable Development:
This is a term that the examiners love; it can be used most situations and is always
a brilliant way to analyse an idea or scheme if you can't think of anything else. It
can be summarised like a seesaw, such as below:
Applying Sustainable Development:
The main thing you will need to look for is whether a certain action has costs, or if
it will ever run out. If the costs outweigh the benefits, it is a bad idea, however in
some cases it may be the only option. If it will ever run out, it is not sustainable
and is finite, meaning that if there are options that won't ever run out, they are
usually better courses of action.

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Page 2

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The types of erosion (coastal + river):
There are a couple of types of erosion, they are...…read more

Page 3

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The different types of coastal defences/management:
There are a couple of ways to protect the coasts. They are...…read more

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Hard management tends to be expensive, ugly, short-term, and kills habitats, but
often protects expensive residential areas or land.
Soft management is cheap, often long-term, doesn't kill habitats, and isn't ugly,
but doesn't tend to protect expensive land.…read more

Page 5

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Case studies:
Sahel Food Crisis ­ an overview
The Sahel Food Crisis struck in the Sahel, which is in North Africa and south of the
Sahara. The countries affected were Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso.
What caused it?
It began with a huge locust infestation in August 2004, which caused the
destruction of the year's harvest. A severe drought a little while after, coupled
with this, led to widespread food shortages and starvation. This was known as the
Sahel Food Crisis.…read more

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Niger is the poorest. 3.6 out of 12 million Nigeriens suffered from starvation, and
this was aggravated by the fact that only 48% of the population have access to
healthcare. 6 in 10 Nigeriens earn less than $1 a day. Cereal prices were at their
highest in the past couple of years at around 40% higher than 2 years before (in
2003).…read more

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Ghana, an African LEDC located just north of the Equator and on the west coast of
Africa. Ghana has a population of 23 million, and 10 million earn less than 60p a
day, meaning that poverty levels are high. The average life expectancy in Ghana is
59, which is low compared to 79 in the UK.…read more

Page 8

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Turn over for the odd one out
What is Fair Trade and Kuapa Kokoo?
Fair Trade is an organisation that was set up in 1992 in order to create long term
trade agreements between countries, and to improve living standards for
workers and farmers. Kuapa Kokoo is an organisation that works with Fair Trade
to improve the pay of workers, while also giving farmers social bonuses and
premiums in order to invest in their communities.…read more

Page 9

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It makes the consumer feel better
about purchasing the products
Businesses that do care can give
something back, while others are
passively forced into it as consumers
would be more hesitant to purchase
their products
*The odd one out is oil, which is a raw material…read more


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