GCSE Geography Revision Guide

It includes the following topics:

  1. Population Dynamics
  2. Consuming Resources
  3. Living Spaces
  4. Making a Living
  5. Changing Cities
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Ageing population
Youthful Population
What does it mean? What does it mean?
Is when there are a very high
percentage of people under the
age of 15
Pressure on housing
Is when a large number of people
Not enough housing , people over the age of 65 in their
living in the slums e.g. New Delhi country
where people live in shanty
towns PROBLEMS
Pressure on schooling
Health care
Literacy rate
Pressure on food Provide more health care,
supplies retirement homes , hospital beds,
and more undertakers
Famine, food distribution Pensions
difficulties. Natural disaster
accentuate this problem e.g. 3 solutions
droughts. Raise retirement age
Pressure on health Abolish state pension
services Increase tax
None of these are popular

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A growth in diseases being
spread around and not dealt with
to stop the spread.…read more

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What? Why? Effects
Introduced in the 1970's couples High growth rate of population Birth rate fell from 34 per 1000 in
were not allowed to have more 1970 to 13 per 1000 in 2008
than one child Pressure on land and
food supplies due to Annual population growth
Couples with one child were large population rate fell from 2.4 % to
given benefit. 0.6%
e.g.…read more

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MEDC/LEDC Occupotional structures
Primary Secondary Tertiary
MEDC Very low. Machines Low. Automation is High. Large numbers
have largely replaced increasingly replacing are employed in
human labour on the human labour in education, health,
farms. factories. Globalisation administration and the
is leading to a shift of knowledge economy
manufacturing jobs to
the NICs.
LEDC Large primary sector Low. Tariff barriers Large service sector.
(farming). Exports are imposed by the Many employed in the
usually primary trading blocs such as informal economy.
commodities.…read more

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Source Advantages Host Advantages
-Immigrants send money/remittances home to Meets need of shortage of unskilled and
their families semi skilled labour
-Less pressure on resources and jobs in places Helped to reconstruct UK after the war
like Poland etc Increases culture in the UK
- Immigrants bring skills back to their country
Immigrants contribute to the UK
economy by the taxes they pay
Immigrants often take mainly low paid
jobs
Less than 5% claim any sort of state
benefit
Source Disadvantages Host Disadvantages
Loss of…read more

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How resources can be defined and classified?
There are three main types:
1. Natural resources e.g. wood
2. Human resources e.g. skills of a population e.g. Doctors
3. Material or capital resources e.g. good and equipment
You can also define resources via their availability
Non renewable resources ­ cannot be remade because they take millions of years
form again e.g. coal or oil
Sustainable resources ­ can be deliberately renewed so that it can last for the future
e.g.…read more

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Resource Benefits Costs
Non ­ renewable e.g. Tar Sand Extraction would bring Extraction uses huge
Oil further money to oil amounts of water
companies Only 5 year supply
Could avoid the costs Need removal of
of switching to other forest to get to the oil
fuels such as hydrogen
Sustainable and renewable e.g.…read more

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Theories about Population ­ resource equation Malthus VS.…read more

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