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Formations ­ GCSE Geography

Fold Mountains ­ Formation

Formed when plates collide at destructive margins (continental
plate and oceanic plate ­ the Andes in South America)

1. When plates collide, sedimentary rock between the plates fold and
are forced upwards

Also formed where 2 continental plates collide (Himalayas in Asia)…

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Different types of volcano

Composite Shield Dome
Ash + Lava Only Lava Only Lava
Lava is thick Lava is runny Lava is thick
Lava hardens Flows quickly Lava hardens
quickly (Steep sided) Low, flat volcano quickly (Steed

Super Volcanoes (Yellowstone National Park)

1. Magma rises through cracks
2. Forms…


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