GCSE Geography Earthquake Studies, Haiti, Kobe Japan

Case studies, Haiti and comparison to Kobe Japan, with Effects, Cause and response and relief. 

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  • Created on: 16-04-12 19:27
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Haiti Earthquake Disaster
Tuesday afternoon, January 12th, the worst earthquake in 200 years - 7.0 in
magnitude - struck less than ten miles from the Caribbean city of
Port-au-Prince, Haiti. The initial quake was later followed by twelve
aftershocks greater than magnitude 5.0. Structures of all kinds were damaged
or collapsed, from shantytown homes to national landmarks. The epicentre was
near the town of Léogâne, approximately 25 km (16 miles) from Haiti's
capital.
With Haiti being the poorest country on the western hemisphere and around
4/5 people living in poverty an estimated three million people were affected
by the quake; the Haitian government reported that an estimated 230,000
people had died, 300,000 had been injured and 1,000,000 made homeless.
They also estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial
buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged.

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Effects
The earthquake was so unprepared for therefore lots of people were killed,
families lost, people not knowing where loved ones are and wondering if there
alive or not as they could be trapped under rubble and their relatives not
knowing. Which leaves people with long term to overcome after losing family
members. Also People from outside the country who had relatives in Haiti
would be worrying and upset not being able to contact family and friends to
see if there Ok.…read more

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The disaster effect the environment as well, as it caused lots of deaths and all
the bodies were left to die at the side of the road, there was so many bodies
that it was a grown problem disease would spread out and kill yet more
people. Also making life unbearable.…read more

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Cause
The Haiti earthquake occurred at a fault that runs right through Haiti and is
situated along the boundary between the Caribbean and North American
plates These two plates constantly creep past one another, about 0.8 inches a
year, with the Caribbean plate moving eastward with respect to the North
American slab.
Haiti people felt the release of energy from the Enriquillo-Plaintain Garden
fault system.…read more

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Comparison with Kobe
The difference between them is that Haiti is a LEDC and Kobe is a MEDC
making surviving a earthquake even harder for Haiti as they don't have the
high tech abilities to warn them about the quakes also they don't have the
money to buy high technology, another thing they don't have Is buildings that
can withstand the magnitude the earthquake was, they are only cheap
concrete buildings as most of Haiti are in poverty.…read more

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