GCSE Edexcel Religious Studies catholic christianity - marriage and the family

Revision notes for the Catholic christianity exam, hope it helps :)

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Preview of GCSE Edexcel Religious Studies catholic christianity - marriage and the family

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3.1 ­ changing attitudes to marriage, divorce, family life and homosexuality in the UK
Most people now have sex before marriage
Cohabitation is seen as socially acceptable with most couples living together before marriage
The average age for marriage has increased from 25 to about 30
Fewer marriages take place in a church
There have been more divorces and it's seen as acceptable, increasing the number of single-parent families
More extended families, with mothers going to work and grandparents babysitting
How There are more families where children are being brought up by cohabiting parents
attitudes There are more re-constituted families as there are more divorces and remarriages
have (made legal in 1967) homosexual sex is seen by society in the same way as heterosexual sex
changed Civil partnerships (2004) mean 2 people of the same sex can form a union of partnership by signing a registration document
Increased availability of contraception, so less risk of becoming pregnant
Cohabita Fewer people come to church so are not taught to refrain from sex before marriage
tion and The media shows celebrities making cohabitation appear acceptable and led to it becoming more popular
marriage Sex outside of marriage on TV has led to more people seeing sex outside marriage as acceptable
Reasons for the changes:
1969, new laws made divorce cheaper and easier, leading to a huge increase in the number of divorces
Expectation of marriage have changed, equal rights for women mean they will divorce if treated badly
Many women are financially independent and can afford to live after divorce
Divorce Demographic changes ­ 100 years ago, the average length of a marriage was 10 years
More cohabitating couples means more families with unmarried parents
The increase in divorce has led to an increase in re-marriage, resulting in more re-constituted families
Family The extended family is becoming more people as those in paid employment turn to those not to babysit
life There has been an increase in the number of single parent families (more divorces, acceptance of unmarried mothers)
Changes in the laws make it easier to be openly homosexual, making society more aware and accepting
Homosex It's probably genetic, society realised at least 5% of society is homosexual, they began to accept equal rights
uality Gay celebrities, increased acceptance. Organisations (stonewall) changed people's attitudes.
Summary More people cohabit and don't marry in a church. Divorce is accepted. Families may have unmarried or re -
married parents. Homosexuals now have the same rights to sexual activity as heterosexuals, including civil partnership
3.2 ­ Christian attitudes to sex outside marriage
Christianity teaches sex was given by God for joy, pleasure and bond (of a married couple) and for the
procreation of children
Children should be brought up in a Christian family so sex should only take place within marriage
The bible says fornication is sinful. Christians should follow the teachings of the bible
The catechism of the Catholic Church teaches that pre-marital sex is wrong. Catholics are encouraged to
Most follow the teachings of the church
Christians All Christians are against adultery ­ it breaks the wedding vows to be faithful to each other, it is
believe: condemned in the ten commandments (which all Christians should follow) and Jesus condemned it
Summary All Christians believe adultery is wrong as it breaks one of the Ten Commandments
Most Christians believe that sex before marriage is wrong because the bible and the church teach this

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­ the purposes of marriage in catholic Christianity
The So that a couple can have a life-long relationship of love and faithfulness
purposes So that the couple can have the support and comfort of each other
of catholic For the procreation of children
marriage For the bringing up of a Christian family
Life-long The exchange of vows -committing the partners to lifetime marriage and restricting sex to each other)
How the purposes of marriage are shown in the
Exchange of rings ­ symbolise the…read more

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­ why family life is important for Catholics
One of the main purposes of a catholic marriage is to have children and bring them up in a loving
catholic environment so that they will love God and follow Jesus.…read more

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­ how catholic parishes help to keep families together
During mass the priest may remind parents of the vows they made in their marriage ceremony and also
of other reasons not to divorce
The parish priest is always available to give help and advice to couples having family problems
The Marriage and Family Life Project Office provides support, resources and advice to parishes as they
respond to families' expressed needs
The church has provided a package to help parishes explore new ways to become more…read more

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­ different methods of contraception
People have tried to prevent having a child because of the health of the mother, to provide more food
Contracept for the family unit and to provide a better standard of living for the family
ion 90% of the sexually active population of childbearing age in the UK use some form of contraception
NFP (Natural Family Planning) or fertility awareness involves reducing the chance of becoming pregnant
by planning sex around the most infertile times during a woman's monthly cycle.…read more

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­ how an issue from marriage and the family had been presented in one form of the media
Examples Keeping mum, brideshead, bride wars, 27 dresses etc.…read more


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