GCSE Christianity- Catholicism: core beliefs

Revision resource for OCR Roman Catholicism topic 1 - Core beliefs. A lot applies to Christianity in general as well for those doing Christianity gcse.

What it contains:

  • explanation for all main religious terminology for the topic
  • religious and  social commandments
  • beatitudes
  • mary as a model of faith
  • examples of saints- maximillian kolbe and padre pio
HideShow resource information
Preview of GCSE Christianity- Catholicism: core beliefs

First 633 words of the document:

Religious terminology
Topic 1- Core beliefs:
Apostle's creed- consists of 12 parts allegedly going back to the time of the 12 apostles.
Ascension of the Lord- this is celebrated on the fortieth day of Eastertide or the seventh Sunday of
Eastertide in some countries. It commemorates Jesus' ascension into Heaven and the completion of
the work of our salvation.
Catholic- means universal.
Communion of saints- an article of faith in the Apostle's creed. All who've become saints form the
communion of saints.
Creed ­ is `credo' in Latin and means `I believe'. It is a statement of beliefs.
Eastertide - the period of fifty days from Easter Sunday to Pentecost Sunday. It is celebrated as one
feast day and in joyful exaltation. It is a time of uninterrupted joy and feasts, during which we
celebrate the mysteries of the Resurrection, the Ascension, and the Descent of the Holy Spirit on the
Apostles and on His Church. The triumph of Eastertide is reflected in the decoration of the sanctuary
and in the priest's use of white vestments, symbolizing joy and purity. The first eight days constitute
the Octave of Easter and are celebrated as solemnities of the Lord. The weekdays after the
Ascension until the Saturday before Pentecost inclusive are a preparation for the coming of the Holy
Spirit, the Paraclete.
Four Last Things- Death, Judgement, Heaven and Hell
Ekklesia- original word for `church'. Means assembly pften expressed as `the people of God'.
ICHTHUS- Greek for `fish'. It was used as a form of communication among early Christians. The
acronym indicated that they were Christians who believed in Iesus (Jesus) Christ THeos (God) Uios
(son) Soter (saviour).
Magestirium- teaching authority of the Catholic Church who decide on matters of faith and morals
and who set out the formal teachings of the church in documents.
Maxmillian Kolbe- During the WW2, Auschwitz became the killing centre where the largest
numbers of the Jews were murdered. One Christian man who died there became a martyr to the evils
of Nazism - a true hero for our time, a saint who lived what he preached, total love toward God and
man ...Maximilian Kolbe was a Polish priest who died as prisoner 16670 in Auschwitz, on August 14,
1941. When a prisoner escaped from the camp, the Nazis selected 10 others to be killed by
starvation in reprisal for the escape. One of the ten selected to die, Franciszek Gajowniczek, began
to cry: "My wife! My children! I will never see them again!" At this Father Kolbe stepped forward and
asked to die in his place - his request was granted. As the 10 condemned men were led off to the
death Block of Building 13, Father Kolbe supported a fellow prisoner who could hardly walk. No one
would emerge alive - Fr. Kolbe was the last to die. He continued in prayer, keeping up the spirits of
all to the very end, when he was killed by an injection of carbolic acid. Fr. Kolbe was beatified by
Pope Paul VIin 1971 and was canonized by Pope John Paul II on 10 October 1982 in the presence of
Franciszek Gajowniczek. He was also declared and honoured as a martyr for the Faith. St.
Maximilian's beatification miracle was the July 1948 cure of intestinal tuberculosis in Angela Testoni,
and in August 1950, the cure of calcification of the arteries/sclerosis of Francis Ranier was attributed
to the Saints intercession.
Mortal Sin- Serious sin (e.g. murder) done with full knowledge, full consent and an act which
is a grave (serious matter) in itself.

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Nicene Creed ­ is said by Catholics at Mass on Sundays. It is the profession of the Christian faith. It
was formulated at the 1st Council of Nicea in 325AD and adopted as the true expression of faith at
the 2nd Council of Constantinople in 381AD. It was partly created to refute the Arian heresy that
stated Jesus was created by God as a lesser being and therefore not equal to God/ not fully divine.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Religious Commandments:
1. Worship God; have no other (false) gods (e.g. money)
2. Make no graven images to worship (e.g. Golden Calf)
3. Do not take the Lords name in vain.
4. Keep the Sabbath Day (Sunday) holy.
Social Commandments:
1. Honour your father and mother
2. Thou shalt not kill
3. Thou shalt not commit adultery
4. Thou shalt not steal
5. Thou shalt not bear false witness against your neighbour
6.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Canonisation: requires another miracle. The title of saint tells us that the person lived a holy
life, is in heaven, and is to be honoured by the universal Church.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all resources »