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1.1 Age
Flexibility ­ decreases with age due to weight gain tendency.
Strength ­ decreases with age (only after peak)
Oxygen capacity ­ decreases which age as the lungs become less efficient.
Skill levels ­ increase as we get older due to experience
Injuries ­ longer recovery time, more chances of disorders and diesases, gradual build up of
wear and tear.…read more

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1.2 Disability
Mental Paralympics ­ an event solely for disabled people.
Permanent Adapted sports ­ e.g. wheelchair basketball,
where traveling is allow to a certain extent.
Adapted equipment ­ noisy footballs for the blind
FACILITIES and specialist wheelchairs.
Access ­ doors and doorways have to be wide Disability classifications ­ e.g. athletics use a
enough to allow wheelchair access. system of numbers and letters to identify a
particular disability to make the competition fair.
Parking ­ Disabled bays must be marked and
Provision ­ lifts must allow access to upper floors,
disabled toilets, specific clubs, activates or classes
for disabled.…read more

Slide 3

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1.3 Gender
Body shape ­ physique are generally different in men and
women. Women tend to be smaller overall and a flatter
Discrimination ­ often meant that women are
broader pelvis, smaller lungs and heart and a higher seen as the weaker sex and are not allowed
percentage of fat. This also is effected by diet and the same opportunities as men. They weren't
metabolism. allow to compete in distance races over 800m
Oxygen capacity ­ smaller lungs in women, smaller in the Olympics until 1960. some women may
oxygen capacity. find that their religion forbids the to take part
fully as they have to remain covered.
Muscle strength ­ women have less muscle mass than
men. This also means that women are more flexible. Historically their have been fewer
Rates of maturity - from age 11 males tends to overtake opportunities for women. It is only recently
women in strength and height. that women have been granted equal
Hormones ­ females tend to be more effected by opportunities to become officials, managers
hormones (menstruation) which can disadvantage and so on.
participation. While males are less effected by chemical
substances changes within their bodies.…read more

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1.5 Physique
Somatotype means the shape of your body. This can affect your suitability for certain sports.
1. Ectomorph (thin body shape)
Narrow shoulders, hips and chest
Not much fat or muscle
Long, thin arms and legs
Thin face, high forehead
e.g. high jump, long distance running
2. Endomorph (dumpy)
Wide hips, but narrow shoulders…read more

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1.6 Environment
Weather can effect training and competitions.
Pollution ­ sometimes restricted to indoors due to air pollution
Altitude ­ can help when training for endurance.
Terrain ­ landscape needed for specific sport
Humidity ­ may cause competitors to drop out due to dehydration.…read more

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1.7 Risk and challenge
Challenge - a test of your ability or recourses It is vital that any potential dangers are
in a demanding situation. spotted before any physical activity is
undertaken. All is considered in order to be
Challenge is also a factor of activities to make sure that the degree of challenge is still
it harder. present but that safety is ensured.
Avoid foul play
Perform within the rules
Equipment is appropriate
Jewellery taken off
Organisers are qualified…read more

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