GCSE OCR Ethics 1- Religion and Medical Ethics Summary Sheets

Summary sheets on each topic in medical ethics. 

Each sheet contains key words, issues, and different Christian views and quotes.

Topics include:

Sanctity of life


Fertility treatment and surrogacy




Animal testing for medical research

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Preview of GCSE OCR Ethics 1- Religion and Medical Ethics Summary Sheets

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Sanctity of life
Fertility treatment and surrogacy
Animal testing for medical research

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Sanctity of Life
Christians often say that they believe in the "sanctity of life." They mean that they believe there is
something special and holy about human life.
Key Words
Sanctity of life: the belief that there is something special or holy about life
Soul: the non-physical part of a person which may go to heaven when the person dies
Beliefs about the sanctity of life lie at the heart of all the ethical debates on embryo experiments, abortion
and euthanasia.…read more

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Abortion = the deliberate termination of the foetus from the uterus. Sometimes called a `procured' or
`direct' abortion.
Doctrine of double effect = if doing something morally good has a morally bad side-effect, it is right to do
it, providing the bad side-effect was not intended.
Foetus= A young human before birth, after the organs have started to develop.
Conception= when the sperm meets and fertilises the egg.…read more

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AID= Artificial insemination by a donor.
AIH= Artificial insemination by husband.
IVF (in vitro fertilisation) = when sperm and an egg are put together outside the body, in a lab. An embryo is formed which is then
transferred into a woman's womb.
A woman might not know who her biological children are, since the donor is anonymous. Likewise, a mother
might not know who her child's biological parents are.…read more

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Key Words
Surrogate= a woman who bears a child on behalf of another couple, who can't have a child.
It is an offence to advertise that you are looking for a surrogate or willing to act as one.
The legal mother of the child born through surrogacy is always the surrogate mother.
In India, surrogates are paid very little compared to the amount of money the couple are charged, and
the women are treated very poorly.…read more

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Key Words
Cloning= create genetically identical copies of DNA fragments, cells, or organisms.
Genetics= studying the heredity of genes; DNA contains these genetic instructions.
Reproductive Cloning= cloning which creates offspring. Used to produce an animal with the same DNA
as another animal
Stem cells = single cells which have the potential to be "reprogrammed" to develop into any type of cell in
the body.…read more

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Euthanasia is related to suicide, because it is about people choosing when and how a life should end-
either their own life, or the life of someone who is unable to make the choice. The difference between
suicide and euthanasia is that euthanasia involves more than one person
Key Words
Euthanasia = a gentle or easy death; helping another person to die.
Hospice = a place where terminally-ill patients are cared for.…read more

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Stewardship= looking after something for someone else.
Medical Research= scientific experiments carried out to help cure disease.
Many animals are kept under horrible conditions.
Testing on animals is unnecessary and produces unreliable results.
God notices every living thing, and cares for them.…read more



This is so helpful, thank you so much!!

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