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OCR Sociology G672
Quick Revision Booklet




By Jack Richardson

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FAMILIES AND HOUSEHOLDS

· What is a family?
A group of people who are related by kinship ties: relation of blood, marriage or adoption.
· What is a household?
One person or a group of people who share living arrangements.
· Forms of family and marriage
Monogamy The state of…

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o Murdock ­ 4 functions
· The family teaches that sexual relations should
only take place in a socially approved context.
· Family gives a way to regulate sexual
1 Sexual (sexual regulation)
relationships also. If families didn't exist, you
wouldn't know who your family was, and may
accidentally have…

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· Marxist Feminism
o Believe that the family meets the needs of capitalism by socializing children into ruling class norms
and values leading to a submissive and obedient workforce, with false consciousness and stability
for capitalism.
o The male's instrumental role maintains the family. He pays for the reproduction of…

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· Changes in the family since industrialisation
1. Decline in marriage and growth in cohabitation
2. Remarriage resulting in reconstituted families
3. More births outside marriage
4. Growth of the lone parent family
5. Rising divorce rates
6. Decline in family size
7. More child centred families
8. More symmetrical…

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1. There is a need in industrial societies for 1. Laslett said that the typical family before
geographical mobility. Modern industrial society has a industrialisation was never the extended family. He
specialized division of labour ­ a wide range of said only 10% of households contained kin beyond
different occupations…

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o There is still the case of the widespread male violence in relationships (wife-
battering)
· The effect of housework and childcare on women's careers.
o Surveys show that women are limited in the jobs they do because of
childcare, e.g. they have to be at home and take children…

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· Single mothers with sons have said to lead to more juvenile delinquency because
boys don't have role models.
o Cohabitation
· The reasons for an increase:
· The changing roles of women. Because they are more economically independent, it
has given them more freedom to choose their relationships.
·…

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Historical changes in childhood show us that in
medieval times, children were seen as `little adults' and
went from infancy to working roles in the community.
2 PRE-INDUSTRIAL
They didn't live mixed lives to adults. E.g. in the 19th
century, many children worked in factories under age
11.
Differences between…

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· Social Policy
Labour and Conservative Parties (Manifesto 1997) · See government policy as important.
· Believe that families are at the core of society.
They should teach right from wrong and be the
first defence against anti-social behaviour.
· They say marriage provides strong foundations
for stable relationships.
The…

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