Fundamentalism

Fundamentalism;

- Definition

- Charecteristics

- Explanations

- Criticisms

- Support

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Religious Fundamentalism
GIDDENS ­ `Fundamentalists are traditionalists who seek to return to the
basics or fundamentals of their faith'.
CHARACTERISTICS:
Believe theirs is the only true view of the world
Believe scripture is infallible
Intolerant of others
Justify view by reference to holy texts
Often reliant on clergy/elders to interpret scriptures
Avoid mixing with those not sharing same belief
CRITICISMS: BRUCE (Gidden's ideas not applicable to all religions ­ Monotheistic vs.
Polytheistic) and HAYNES (Fundamentalism not always reaction to globalisation but
to internal problems as government not fulfilling promises etc.)
SUPPORT for GIDDENS:
BAUMAN; Postmodern society with freedom of choice leads to rise in
fundamentalism
CASTELLS; One of two responses to modernity...1) Project identitiy forward
thinking, accept change, involved in changing society 2) Resistant identity defensive,
retreatist and see changes as threat.
GIDDENS REASONS of WHY HAS FUNDAMENTALISM GROWN?
- Reaction to globalisation as it undermines traditional values (sexuality, family
diversity etc.)
- Too many choices in a globalised world increase fear of risk
- Contrasts cosmopolitanism with fundamentalism.

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