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Functionalist Theory

For Durkheim, the key function of religion is the fundamental distinction between the sacred and profane
which is found in all religions. The sacred things are removed from the society and are forbidden. They also
create a feeling of awe, fear and wonder and are surrounded by taboos…

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nation under God"), the Lincoln memorial. However, American civil religion is not specifically catholic or
protestant it sacralises the American way and binds all people from different cultures and religions.

Functional alternatives unify belief systems which perform similar functions to traditional religions. Civil
religion is an example of this as…


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